ocean circulation modelling

Atmospheric warming has major implications for ocean circulation in the Mediterranean Sea

Changes in the Mediterranean: orange arrows are winter sea surface temperature, red arrows are air temperature, dark blue arrows are sea-air temperature difference (numbers denote differences, 1986–2020 minus 1951–1985). Map of atmospheric pressure changes; orange indicates unusually high pressure.

A leading scientist at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) has discovered that changes taking place in the way the ocean and atmosphere interact in the Mediterranean Sea are threatening the normal connection between the upper and deep ocean layers in this region.

Arctic shipping routes may be open by 2080


Commercial summer shipping across the North Pole may be possible by the end of the century, with the first potential crossings feasible for ice-strengthened ships around 2040.

Methane bubbling off Svalbard is not a source of atmospheric greenhouse gas

Methane hydrate recovered from ocean sediments off Svalbard dissociates into water and methane gas under surface pressure and temperature

Methane seeps from seafloor deposits near Svalbard release less ‘greenhouse gas’ into the atmosphere than other Arctic sites because ocean currents there form an effective barrier.

Insights into MH370

NEMO model

Preliminary insights into the potential pathway of the plane wreckage that washed up on Reunion Island yesterday morning, thought to be from the missing MH370 flight, is provided by researchers at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC).