twilight zone

Scientist Spotlight – Dive into the Twilight Zone with Dr Adrian Martin

Dr Adrian Martin at sea

From its extraordinary creatures, to its crucial role in how the ocean takes up and stores carbon, the ocean’s Twilight Zone is a key research focus for scientists around the world.

Plankton stores more carbon as Earth’s climate warms, but storage beyond end of the century is uncertain

Surface phytoplankton captures carbon, stores it in cell walls, and transfers it to the ocean deep after the algae die. How might the seasons affect this process? Image: NOAA National Ocean Service/Wikimedia Commons, public domain.

Researchers at the University of Bristol, the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) and other UK institutions predict that the amount of carbon stored by microscopic plankton will increase in the coming century.

The NOC leads on ground-breaking carbon capture research into the Twilight Zone

Various marine copepods may play an important role in the seasonality below the surface. Image: D. Mayor et al. (2020), doi:10.1002/bies.202000149

The National Oceanography Centre (NOC) has led a study to investigate gaps in knowledge of how ocean life helps store atmospheric carbon dioxide, otherwise known as the biological carbon pump.