Prof. Simon Josey

Marine Systems Modelling
+44 (0)23 8059 6409

My current research interests cover a range of topics associated with ocean-atmosphere interaction and climate variability / change . Brief summaries of main research areas follow: Ocean-Atmosphere Variability. Investigation of variability in ocean-atmosphere coupling at seasonal to interdecadal timescales using various observational datasets and model fields. Current areas of interest include : a.) Interdecadal variations in the air-sea freshwater flux to the North Atlantic and their relationship to major modes of atmospheric variability / ocean freshening, b.) Causes of North Atlantic warming over the last few decades, and c.) Rapid changes in the ocean circulation in response to extreme air-sea flux events at high latitudes (Nordic / Labrador Seas). Climatological Air-Sea Fluxes. Development and evaluation of global air-sea flux fields, in particular the NOC1 climatology. Analysis of global heat flux fields with regard to the ocean heat budget closure problem. Evaluation of various flux datsets using research buoy surface fluxes. Investigation of the wind stress forcing of the ocean.  Air-Sea Interaction in the Mediterranean Sea. Various studies including the influence of changes in surface forcing in the recent shift of deep water production in the Eastern Mediterranean, and the role of the NAO in causing sea level variability.  Atmospheric Longwave Flux. Evaluation of formulae used to estimate the atmospheric longwave flux from ship meteorological reports and development of more accurate formulae using measurements collected on various research on cruises.

Committee and Board Memberships: 

1) CLIVAR Global Synthesis and Observation Panel - Member, 2003-2011.

2) Interntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 5th Assessment Report - Lead Author for Chapter 3 - Ocean Observations.

3) Ocean Science journal - Topic Editor.



Sinha, B.; Smeed, D.A.; McCarthy, G.; Moat, B.I.; Josey, S.A.; Hirschi, J.J.-M.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Blaker, A.T.; Rayner, D.; Madec, G.. 2018 The accuracy of estimates of the overturning circulation from basin-wide mooring arrays. Progress in Oceanography, 160. 101-123.
Skliris, N.; Zika, J.D.; Herold, L.; Josey, S.A.; Marsh, R.. 2018 Mediterranean sea water budget long-term trend inferred from salinity observations. Climate Dynamics. (In Press)
Josey, Simon A.; Hirschi, Joel J.-M.; Sinha, Bablu; Duchez, Aurelie; Grist, Jeremy P.; Marsh, Robert. 2018 The Recent Atlantic Cold Anomaly: Causes, Consequences, and Related Phenomena. Annual Review of Marine Science, 10 (1). 475-501.
Smeed, D.A.; Josey, S.A.; Beaulieu, C.; Johns, W.E.; Moat, B.I.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Rayner, D.; Meinen, C.S.; Baringer, M.O.; Bryden, H.L.; McCarthy, G.D.. 2018 The North Atlantic Ocean is in a state of reduced overturning. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (3). 1527-1533.
Jones, Daniel C.; Forget, Gael; Sinha, Bablu; Josey, Simon A.; Boland, Emma J.D.; Meijers, Andrew J.S.; Shuckburgh, Emily. 2018 Local and remote influences on the heat content of the Labrador Sea: an adjoint sensitivity study. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123 (4). 2646-2667.
Ogle, S. E.; Tamsitt, V.; Josey, S. A.; Gille, S. T.; Cerovečki, I.; Talley, L. D.; Weller, R. A.. 2018 Episodic Southern Ocean heat loss and its mixed layer impacts revealed by the farthest south multiyear surface flux mooring. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (10). 5002-5010.
Yu, Lisan; Jin, Xiangze; Josey, Simon A.; Lee, Tony; Kumar, Arun; Wen, Caihong; Xue, Yan. 2017 The global ocean water cycle in atmospheric reanalysis, satellite, and ocean salinity. Journal of Climate, 30 (10). 3829-3852.10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0479.1
Schroeder, K.; Chiggiato, J.; Josey, S.; Borghini, M.; Aracri, S.; Sparnocchia, S.. 2017 Rapid response to climate change in a marginal sea. Scientific Reports, 7 (1). 4065.10.1038/s41598-017-04455-5
Jordà, G.; Von Schuckmann, K.; Josey, S.A.; Caniaux, G.; García-Lafuente, J.; Sammartino, S.; Özsoy, E.; Polcher, J.; Notarstefano, G.; Poulain, P.-M.; Adloff, F.; Salat, J.; Naranjo, C.; Schroeder, K.; Chiggiato, J.; Sannino, G.; Macías, D.. 2017 The Mediterranean Sea heat and mass budgets: Estimates, uncertainties and perspectives. Progress in Oceanography, 156. 174-208.10.1016/j.pocean.2017.07.001
Marsh, Robert; Bigg, Grant; Zhao, Yifan; Martin, Matthew J.; Blundell, Jeffrey R.; Josey, Simon A.; Hanna, Edward; Ivchenko, Vladimir. 2017 Prospects for seasonal forecasting of iceberg distributions in the North Atlantic. Natural Hazards, 91 (2). 447-471.
Yu, Lisan; Jin, Xiangze; Schulz, Eric W.; Josey, Simon A.. 2017 Air-sea interaction regimes in the sub-Antarctic Southern Ocean and Antarctic marginal ice zone revealed by icebreaker measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122 (8). 6547-6564.
Bentamy, A.; Piollé, J.F.; Grouazel, A.; Danielson, R.; Gulev, S.; Paul, F.; Azelmat, H.; Mathieu, P.P.; von Schuckmann, K.; Sathyendranath, S.; Evers-King, H.; Esau, I.; Johannessen, J.A.; Clayson, C.A.; Pinker, R.T.; Grodsky, S.A.; Bourassa, M.; Smith, S.R.; Haines, K.; Valdivieso, M.; Merchant, C.J.; Chapron, B.; Anderson, A.; Hollmann, R.; Josey, Simon. 2017 Review and assessment of latent and sensible heat flux accuracy over the global oceans. Remote Sensing of Environment, 201. 196-218.
Martínez-Asensio, Adrián; Tsimplis, Michael N.; Marcos, Marta; Feng, Xiangbo; Gomis, Damià; Jordà, Gabriel; Josey, Simon A.. 2016 Response of the North Atlantic wave climate to atmospheric modes of variability. International Journal of Climatology, 36 (3). 1210-1225.10.1002/joc.4415
Duchez, Aurélie ; Courtois, Peggy; Harris, Elizabeth; Josey, Simon; Kanzow, Torsten; Marsh, Robert; Smeed, David; Hirschi, Joël Jean-Marie. 2016 Potential for seasonal prediction of the Atlantic sea surface temperatures using the RAPID array at 26°N. Climate Dynamics, 46 (9). 3351-3370.10.1007/s00382-015-2918-1
Tzortzi, Eleni; Srokosz, Meric A.; Gommenginger, Christine P.; Josey, Simon A.. 2016 Spatial and temporal scales of variability in Tropical Atlantic sea surface salinity from the SMOS and Aquarius satellite missions. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180. 418-430.10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.008
Moat, B.I.; Josey, S.A.; Sinha, B.; Blaker, A.T.; Smeed, D.A.; McCarthy, G.; Johns, W.E.; Hirschi, J.-M.; Frajka-Williams, E.; Rayner, D.; Duchez, A.; Coward, A.C.. 2016 Major variations in subtropical North Atlantic heat transport at short (5 day) timescales and their causes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (5). 3237-3249.10.1002/2016JC011660
Duchez, Aurélie; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Josey, Simon A.; Evans, Dafydd G.; Grist, Jeremy P.; Marsh, Robert; McCarthy, Gerard D.; Sinha, Bablu; Berry, David I..; Hirschi, Joël J.-M.. 2016 Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave. Environmental Research Letters, 11 (7). 074004 .10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074004
Grist, J.P.; Josey, S.A.; Jacobs, Z.L.; Marsh, R.; Sinha, B.; Van Sebille, E.. 2016 Extreme air–sea interaction over the North Atlantic subpolar gyre during the winter of 2013–2014 and its sub-surface legacy. Climate Dynamics, 46 (11). 4027-4045.10.1007/s00382-015-2819-3
Grist, Jeremy P.; Josey, Simon A.; Zika, Jan D.; Evans, Dafydd G.; Skliris, Nikolaos. 2016 Assessing recent air-sea freshwater flux changes using a surface temperature-salinity space framework. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (12). 8787-8806.10.1002/2016JC012091
Skliris, Nikolaos; Zika, Jan D.; Nurser, George; Josey, Simon A.; Marsh, Robert. 2016 Global water cycle amplifying at less than the Clausius-Clapeyron rate. Scientific Reports, 6. 38752.10.1038/srep38752
Roberts, Malcolm J.; Hewitt, Helene T.; Hyder, Pat; Ferreira, David; Josey, Simon A.; Mizielinski, Matthew; Shelly, Ann. 2016 Impact of ocean resolution on coupled air-sea fluxes and large-scale climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (19). 10,430-10,438.10.1002/2016GL070559
Duchez, Aurelie; Desbruyeres, Damien; Hirschi, Joel J-M.; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Josey, Simon; Evans, Dafydd Gwyn. 2016 The tale of a surprisingly cold blob in the North Atlantic. US CLIVAR Variations, 14 (2). 19-23.
von Schuckmann, K.; Palmer, M. D.; Trenberth, K. E.; Cazenave, A.; Chambers, D.; Champollion, N.; Hansen, J.; Josey, S.A.; Loeb, N.; Mathieu, P.-P.; Meyssignac, B.; Wild, M.. 2016 An imperative to monitor Earth's energy imbalance. Nature Climate Change, 6 (2). 138-144.10.1038/nclimate2876
Zika, Jan D.; Skliris, Nikolaos; Nurser, A.J. George; Josey, Simon A.; Mudryk, Lawrence; Laliberté, Frédéric; Marsh, Robert. 2015 Maintenance and broadening of the ocean’s salinity distribution by the water cycle. Journal of Climate, 28 (24). 9550-9560.10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0273.1
Blunden, J.; Arndt, D.S.; et al, .; Berry, D.I.; Grist, Jeremy; Jevrejeva, Svetlana; Josey, Simon A.; McCarthy, Gerard ; Naveria Garabato, Alberto C.; Rayner, Darren; Smeed, David A.. 2015 State of the Climate in 2014. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (7 (Supplement)). S1-S267.10.1175/2015BAMSStateoftheClimate.1
Abualnaja, Yasser; Papadopoulos, Vassilis P.; Josey, Simon A.; Hoteit, Ibrahim; Kontoyiannis, Harilaos; Raitsos, Dionysios E.. 2015 Impacts of climate modes on air–sea heat exchange in the Red Sea. Journal of Climate, 28 (7). 2665-2681.10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00379.1
Josey, S.A.; Grist, J.; Kieke, D.; Yashayaev, I.; Yu, L.. 2015 Extraordinary Ocean Cooling and New Dense Water Formation in the North Atlantic [in “State of the Climate in 2014”]. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (7 (Supplement)). S67.
Meier, Rhiannon E.; Wynn, Russell B.; Votier, Stephen C.; McMinn Grivé, Miguel; Rodríguez, Ana; Maurice, Louise; van Loon, E. Emiel; Jones, Alice R.; Suberg, Lavinia; Arcos, José Manuel; Morgan, Greg; Josey, Simon A.; Guilford, Tim. 2015 Consistent foraging areas and commuting corridors of the critically endangered Balearic shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus in the northwestern Mediterranean. Biological Conservation, 190. 87-97.10.1016/j.biocon.2015.05.012
Martínez-Asensio, Adrián; Marcos, Marta; Tsimplis, Michael N.; Gomis, Damià; Josey, Simon; Jordà, Gabriel. 2014 Impact of the atmospheric climate modes on Mediterranean sea level variability. Global and Planetary Change, 118. 1-15.10.1016/j.gloplacha.2014.03.007
Skliris, Nikolaos; Marsh, Robert; Josey, Simon A.; Good, Simon A.; Liu, Chunlei; Allan, Richard P.. 2014 Salinity changes in the World Ocean since 1950 in relation to changing surface freshwater fluxes. Climate Dynamics, 43 (3-4). 709-736.10.1007/s00382-014-2131-7
Grist, Jeremy P.; Josey, Simon A.; Marsh, Robert; Kwon, Young-Oh; Bingham, Rory J.; Blaker, Adam T.. 2014 The Surface-Forced Overturning of the North Atlantic: Estimates from Modern Era Atmospheric Reanalysis Datasets. Journal of Climate, 27 (10). 3596-3618.10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00070.1
Moat, B.I.; Josey, S.; Sinha, B.. 2014 Impact of Barents Sea winter air-sea exchanges on Fram Strait dense water transport. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119 (2). 1009-1021.10.1002/2013JC009220
Grist, Jeremy P.; Josey, Simon A.; Boehme, Lars; Meredith, Michael P.; Laidre, Kristin L.; Heide-Jorgensen, Mads Peter; Kovacs, Kit M.; Lydersen, Christian; Davidson, Fraser J.M.; Stenson, Garry B.; Hammill, Mike O.; Marsh, Robert; Coward, Andrew C.. 2014 Seasonal variability of the warm Atlantic Water layer in the vicinity of the Greenland shelf break. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (23). 8530-8537.10.1002/2014GL062051
Josey, S.A.; Yu, L.; Gulev, S.; Jin, X.; Tilinina, N.; Barnier, B.; Brodeau, L.. 2014 Unexpected impacts of the Tropical Pacific array on reanalysis surface meteorology and heat fluxes. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (17). 6213-6220.10.1002/2014GL061302
Drijfhout, S.S.; Blaker, A.T.; Josey, S.A.; Nurser, A.J.G.; Sinha, B.; Balmaseda, M.A.. 2014 Surface warming hiatus caused by increased heat uptake across multiple ocean basins. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (22). 7868-7874.10.1002/2014GL061456
Papadopoulos, Vassilis P.; Abualnaja, Yasser; Josey, Simon A.; Bower, Amy; Raitsos, Dionysios E.; Kontoyiannis, Harilaos; Hoteit, Ibrahim. 2013 Atmospheric Forcing of the Winter Air–Sea Heat Fluxes over the Northern Red Sea. Journal of Climate, 26 (5). 1685-1701.10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00267.1
Tsimplis, M.N.; Calafat, F.M.; Marcos, M.; Jordà, G.; Gomis, D.; Fenoglio-Marc, L.; Struglia, M.V.; Josey, S.A.; Chambers, D.P.. 2013 The effect of the NAO on sea level and on mass changes in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118 (2). 944-952.10.1002/jgrc.20078
Tzortzi, E.; Josey, S.A.; Srokosz, M.; Gommenginger, C.. 2013 Tropical Atlantic salinity variability: New insights from SMOS. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (10). 2143-2147.10.1002/grl.50225
Grist, Jeremy P.; Josey, Simon A.; Marsh, Robert. 2012 Surface estimates of the Atlantic overturning in density space in an eddy-permitting ocean model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (C6). C06012.10.1029/2011JC007752
Sinha, Bablu; Blaker, Adam T.; Hirschi, Joël J.-M.; Bonham, Sarah; Brand, Matthew; Josey, Simon A.; Smith, Robin S.; Marotzke, Jochem. 2012 Mountain ranges favour vigorous Atlantic meridional overturning. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (2). L02705.10.1029/2011GL050485
Papadopoulos, Vassilis P.; Josey, Simon A.; Bartzokas, Aristides; Somot, Samuel; Ruiz, Simon; Drakopoulou, Paraskevi. 2012 Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation Favoring Deep- and Intermediate-Water Formation in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Climate, 25 (18). 6079-6091.10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00657.1
Schulz, E.W.; Josey, S.A.; Verein, R.. 2012 First air-sea flux mooring measurements in the Southern Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (16). L16606.10.1029/2012GL052290
Josey, Simon A.; Somot, Samuel; Tsimplis, Mikis. 2011 Impacts of atmospheric modes of variability on Mediterranean Sea surface heat exchange. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (C2). C02032.10.1029/2010JC006685
Sanchez-Gomez, E.; Somot, S.; Josey, S.A.; Dubois, C.; Elguindi, N.; Déqué, M.. 2011 Evaluation of Mediterranean Sea water and heat budgets simulated by an ensemble of high resolution regional climate models. Climate Dynamics, 37 (9-10). 2067-2086.10.1007/s00382-011-1012-6
Grist, Jeremy P.; Josey, Simon A.; Boehme, Lars; Meredith, Michael P.; Davidson, Fraser J.M.; Stenson, Garry B.; Hammill, Mike O.. 2011 Temperature signature of high latitude Atlantic boundary currents revealed by marine mammal-borne sensor and Argo data. Geophysical Research Letters, 38 (15), L15601. 6, pp.10.1029/2011GL048204
Grist, Jeremy P.; Josey, Simon A.; Marsh, Robert; Good, Simon A.; Coward, Andrew C.; de Cuevas, Beverly A.; Alderson, Steven G.; New, Adrian L.; Madec, Gurvan. 2010 The roles of surface heat flux and ocean heat transport convergence in determining Atlantic Ocean temperature variability. Ocean Dynamics, 60 (4). 771-790.10.1007/s10236-010-0292-4
Josey, S.A.; Berry, D.I.. 2010 Air-sea fluxes of heat and freshwater. MCCIP Annual Report Card 2010-11, MCCIP Science Review. 9p.
Schroeder, K.; Josey, S.A.; Herrmann, M.; Grignon, L.; Gasparini, G.P.; Bryden, H.L.. 2010 Abrupt warming and salting of the Western Mediterranean Deep Water after 2005: atmospheric forcings and lateral advection. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115. C08029.10.1029/2009JC005749
Somavilla, R.; González-Pola, C.; Rodriguez, C.; Josey, S.A.; Sánchez, R.F.; Lavín, A.. 2009 Large changes in the hydrographic structure of the Bay of Biscay after the extreme mixing of winter 2005. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (C1). C01001.10.1029/2008JC004974
Wells, N.C.; Josey, S.A.; Hadfield, R.E.. 2009 Towards closure of regional heat budgets in the North Atlantic using Argo floats and surface flux datasets. Ocean Science, 5 (2). 59-72.
Josey, Simon A.; Grist, Jeremy P.; Marsh, Robert. 2009 Estimates of meridional overturning circulation variability in the North Atlantic from surface density flux fields. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (C9). C09022.10.1029/2008JC005230
Marsh, Robert; de Cuevas, Beverly A.; Coward, Andrew C.; Jacquin, Julien; Hirschi, Joel J-M.; Aksenov, Yevgeny; Nurser, A.J. George; Josey, Simon A.. 2009 Recent changes in the North Atlantic circulation simulated with eddy-permitting and eddy-resolving ocean models. Ocean Modelling, 28 (4). 226-239.10.1016/j.ocemod.2009.02.007
Ruiz, Simon; Gomis, Damia; Sotillo, Marcos G.; Josey, Simon A.. 2008 Characterization of surface heat fluxes in the Mediterranean Sea from a 44-year high-resolution atmospheric data set. Global and Planetary Change, 63 (2-3). 258-274.10.1016/j.gloplacha.2007.12.002
Grist, Jeremy P.; Josey, Simon A.; Sinha, Bablu; Blaker, Adam T.. 2008 Response of the Denmark Strait overflow to Nordic Seas heat loss. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (C9). C09019.10.1029/2007JC004625
Kent, E.C.; Josey, S.A.; Berry, D.I.; Yelland, M.J.. 2008 Scientific review - air-sea flux (exchange) of heat and freshwater. Marine Climate Change Impacts Annual Report Card 2007–2008.
Marsh, R.; Josey, S.A.; de Cuevas, B.A.; Redbourn, L.J.; Quartly, G.D.. 2008 Mechanisms for recent warming of the North Atlantic: Insights gained with an eddy-permitting model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (C4). C04031.10.1029/2007JC004096
Myers, P.G.; Josey, S.A.; Wheler, B.; Kulan, N.. 2007 Interdecadal variability in Labrador Sea precipitation minus evaporation and salinity. Progress in Oceanography, 73 (3-4). 341-357.10.1016/j.pocean.2006.06.003
Hirschi, J.J-M.; Sinha, B.; Josey, S.A.. 2007 Global warming and changes of continentality since 1948. Weather, 62 (8). 215-221.10.1002/wea.88
Boyer, T.; Levitus, S.; Antonov, J.; Locarnini, R.; Mishonov, A.; Garcia, H.; Josey, S.A.. 2007 Changes in freshwater content in the North Atlantic Ocean 1955–2006. Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (16). L16603.10.1029/2007GL030126
Grist, J.P.; Josey, S.A.; Sinha, B.. 2007 Impact on the ocean of extreme Greenland Sea heat loss in the HadCM3 coupled ocean atmosphere model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114 (C4). C04014.10.1029/2006JC003629
Wynn, R.B.; Josey, S.A.; Martin, A.P.; Johns, D.G.; Yesou, P.. 2007 Climate-driven range expansion of a critically endangered top predator in northeast Atlantic waters. Biology Letters, 3 (5). 529-532.10.1098/rsbl.2007.0162
Hadfield, R.E.; Wells, N.C.; Josey, S.A.; Hirschi, J.. 2007 On the accuracy of North Atlantic temperature and heat storage fields from Argo. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112 (C1). C01009-[17pp].10.1029/2006JC003825
Gomis, D.; Tsimplis, M.N.; Martin-Miguez, B.; Ratsimandresy, A.W.; Garcia-Lafuente, J.; Josey, S.A.. 2006 Mediterranean Sea level and barotropic flow through the Strait of Gibraltar for the period 1958-2001 and reconstructed since 1659. Journal of Geophysical Research, 111 (C11). C11005.10.1029/2005JC003186
Josey, Simon A.; Marsh, Robert. 2005 Surface freshwater flux variability and recent freshening of the North Atlantic in the eastern subpolar gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110 (C5). C05008-[17pp].10.1029/2004JC002521
Marsh, R.; Josey, S.A.; Nurser, A.J.G.; de Cuevas, B.A.; Coward, A.C.. 2005 Water mass transformation in the North Atlantic over 1985-2002 simulated in an eddy-permitting model. Ocean Science, 1 (2). 127-144.10.5194/os-1-127-2005
Stammer, D.; Ueyoshi, K.; Large, W.G.; Josey, S.A.; Wunsch, C.. 2004 Estimating air-sea fluxes of heat, freshwater and momentum through global ocean data assimilation. Journal of Geophysical Research C (Oceans), 109 (C5). C05023.10.1029/2003JC002082
Tsimplis, M.N.; Josey, S.A.; Rixen, M.; Stanev, E.V.. 2004 On the forcing of sea level in the Black Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109 (C8). C08015-[14pp].10.1029/2003JC002185
Johns, W.E.; Yao, F.; Olson, D.B.; Josey, S.A.; Grist, J.P.; Smeed, D.A.. 2003 Observations of seasonal exchange through the Straits of Hormuz and the inferred heat and freshwater budgets of the Persian Gulf. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (C12). Art.3391.10.1029/2003JC001881
Josey, S.A.; Pascal, R.W.; Taylor, P.K.; Yelland, M.J.. 2003 A new formula for determining the atmospheric longwave flux at the ocean surface at mid-high latitudes. Journal of Geophysical Research C (Oceans), 108 (C4). 03108-[16pp].10.1029/2002JC001418
Gould, W.J.; Josey, S.; Speer, K.; Wunsch, C.. 2001 WOCE/JGOFS Workshop on the Ocean Property Transports, Southampton Oceanography Centre, June 25-29, 2001. International WOCE Newsletter, No.41. p.10.
Josey, Simon A.; Kent, Elizabeth C.; Sinha, Bablu. 2001 Can a state of the art atmospheric general circulation model reproduce recent NAO related variability at the air-sea interface? Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (24). 4543-4546.10.1029/2001GL013200
Tsimplis, M.N.; Josey, S.A.. 2001 Forcing of the Mediterranean Sea by atmospheric oscillations over the North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (5). 803-806.
Pascal, R.W.; Josey, S.A.. 2000 Accurate radiometric measurement of the atmospheric longwave flux at the sea surface. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 17 (9). 1271-1283.10.1175/1520-0426(2000)017<1271:ARMOTA>2.0.CO;2
Samuel, Sarah; Haines, Keith; Josey, Simon; Myers, Paul G.. 1999 Response of the Mediterranean Sea thermohaline circulation to observed changes in the winter wind stress field in the period 1980–1993. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104 (C4). 7771-7784.10.1029/1998JC900130
Myers, Paul G.; Haines, Keith; Josey, Simon. 1998 On the importance of the choice of wind stress forcing to the modeling of the Mediterranean Sea circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103 (C8). 15729-15749.10.1029/98JC00784
Weller, R.A.; Baumgartner, M.F.; Josey, S.A.; Fischer, A.S.; Kindle, J.C.. 1998 Atmospheric forcing in the Arabian Sea during 1994–1995: observations and comparisons with climatology and models. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 45 (10-11). 1961-1999.10.1016/S0967-0645(98)00060-5
Josey, S.A.; Oakely, D.; Pascal, R.W. . 1997 On estimating the atmospheric longwave flux at the ocean surface from ship meteorological reports. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (C13). 27961-27972.10.1029/97JC02420
Josey, S. A.; Kent, E. C.; Taylor, P. K.. 1995 Seasonal variations between sampling and classical mean turbulent heat flux estimates in the North Atlantic. Annales Geophysicae, 13. 1054-1064.

Conference item

Moat, Ben; Josey, Simon; Sinha, Bablu; Blaker, Adam; Smeed, David; McCarthy, Gerard; Johns, William; Hirschi, Joel; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Rayner, Darren; Duchez, Aurelie; Coward, Andrew. 2016 Major variations in sub-tropical North Atlantic heat transport at short timescales: causes and consequences. In: EGU General Assembly 2016, Vienna, Austria, 17-22 Apr 2016. (Unpublished)
Kent, E.C.; Josey, S.A.; Taylor, P.K.. 1997 Use of WMO47 Metadata in a Global Flux Climatology. In: International Workshop on Digitization and Preparation of Historical Marine Data and Metadata, Toledo, Spain, 15-17 Sep 1997. Geneva, Switzerland, WMO, 93-97.

Book section

Josey, S.A.; Gulev, S.; Yu, L.. 2013 Exchanges through the ocean surface. In: Siedler, G.; Griffies, S.; Gould, J.; Church, J., (eds.)Ocean Circulation and Climate: A 21st Century Perspective. 2nd Ed. Oxford, Academic Press, 115-140. (International Geophysics, 103).
Josey, S.; Berry, D.I.. 2013 Impacts of climate change on air-sea exchanges of heat and water. In: Baxter, J.M.; Buckley, P.J.; Wallace, C.J., (eds.)Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership Science Review 2013. Lowestoft, UK, MCCIP Secretariat, 87-90.
Rhein, M.; Rintoul, S.R.; Aoki, S.; Campos, E.; Chambers, D.; Feely, R.A.; Gulev, S.; Johnson, G.C.; Josey, S.A.; Kostianoy, A.; Mauritzen, C.; Roemmich, D.; Talley, L.D.; Wang, F.. 2013 Observations: Ocean. In: Stocker, T.F.; Qin, D.; Plattner, G.-K.; Tignor, M.; Allen, S.K.; Boschung, J.; Nauels, A.; Xia, Y.; Bex, V.; Midgley, P.M., (eds.)Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 255-316.
Schroeder, K.; Garcia-Lafuente, J.; Josey, S.A.. 2012 Circulation of the Mediterranean Sea and its variability. In: Lionello, P., (ed.)Mediterranean Climate: from Past to Future. Amsterdam, Elsevier, 187-256.
Josey, Simon A.. 2011 Air-Sea Fluxes of Heat, Freshwater and Momentum. In: Brassington, G.B., (ed.)Operational Oceanography in the 21st Century. Heidelberg, Springer, 155-184, 450pp.
Gulev, S.; Josey, S.A.; Bourassa, M.; Breivik, L-A.; Cronin, M.F.; Fairall, C.; Gille, S.; Kent, E.C.; Lee, C.M.; McPhaden, M.J.; Monteiro, P.M.S.; Schuster, U.; Smith, S.R.; Trenberth, K.E.; Wallace, D.; Woodruff, S.D.. 2010 Surface energy, CO2 fluxes and sea ice. In: Hall, J.; Harrison, D.E.; Stammer, D., (eds.)Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 1. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency, 193-211. (ESA Special Publication, WPP-306).
Rhines, P.B.; Hakkinen, S.; Josey, S.A.. 2008 Is oceanic heat transport significant in the climate system? In: Dickson, R.; Hansen, B.; Rhines, P., (eds.)Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes. Berlin, Germany, Springer Verlag, 87-110, 736pp. (Unpublished)
Kent, E.C.; Josey, S.; Berry, D.I.; Yelland, M.J.. 2008 Impacts of climate change on air-sea heat and moisture fluxes. In: Buckley, P.J.; Dye, S.R.; Baxter, J.M., (eds.)Marine Climate Change Impacts Annual Report Card 2007-08, Online Summary Reports. Lowestoft, UK, MCCIP Secretariat.
Trenberth, K.E.; Josey, S.A.. 2007 Observations: surface and atmospheric climate change. In: Solomon, S.; Qin, D.; Manning, M.; Chen, Z.; Marquis, M.; Averyt, K.B.; Tignor, M.; Miller, H.L., (eds.)Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis: Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 235-336.
Bindoff, N.L.; Willebrand, J.; Artale, V.; Cazenave, A.; Gregory, J.M.; Gulev, S.; Hanawa, K.; Le Quere, Corinne; Levitus, S.; Nojiri, Y.; Shum, C.K.; Talley, L.D.; Unnikrishnan, A.S.; Josey, S.A.; Tamisiea, M.; Tsimplis, M.; Woodworth, P.. 2007 Observations: oceanic climate change and sea level. In: Solomon, S.; Qin, D.; Manning, M.; Chen, Z.; Marquis, M.; Averyt, K.B.; Tignor, M.; Miller, H.L., (eds.)Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 385-428.
Tsimplis, M.; Zervakis, V.; Josey, S.A.; Peneva, E.; Struglia, M.V.; Stanev, E.; Lionello, P.; Malanotte-Rizzoli, P.; Artale, V.; Theocharis, A.; Tragou, E.; Oguz, T.. 2006 Changes in the oceanography of the Mediterranean Sea and their link to climate variability. In: Lionello, P.; Malanotte-Rizzoli, P.; Boscolo, R., (eds.)Mediterranean climate variability. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Elsevier, 227-282, 438pp. (Developments in Earth and Environmental Sciences, 4).


Josey, S.A.; Smith, S.R.. 2006 Guidelines for evaluation of air-sea heat, freshwater and momentum flux datasets. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 12pp. (CLIVAR Global Synthesis and Observations Panel (GSOP) White Paper)
Grist, J.P.; Josey, S.A.; Sinha, B.. 2005 The impact of surface flux anomalies on the mid-high latitude Atlantic Ocean Circulation in HADCM3. RAPID Project – The Role of Air-Sea Forcing in Causing Rapid Changes in the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation Report No. 1. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 19pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Research and Consultancy Report, 1)
Grist, J.P.; Josey, S.A.. 2004 The impact of aerosol loading on estimates of the surface shortwave flux in the SOC climatology. COAPEC Project - Balancing the Atlantic Heat and Freshwater Budgets, Report No. 2. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 15pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Research & Consultancy Report, 88)
Grist, J.P.; Josey, S.A.. 2004 Closing the heat budget of the SOC climatology through spatially dependent inverse analysis parameter adjustment. COAPEC Project - Balancing the Atlantic Heat and Freshwater Budgets, Report No. 3. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 32pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Research & Consultancy Report, 89)
Josey, S.A.. 1999 Seasonal to Interannual Variability in the SOC Air-Sea Flux Dataset and Hadley Centre Atmospheric Model Version 3. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 39pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Internal Document, 51)
Josey, S.A.; Kent, E.C.; Taylor, P.K.. 1998 The Southampton Oceanography Centre (SOC) Ocean - Atmosphere, Heat, Momentum and Freshwater Flux Atlas. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 30pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Report 6)
Josey, S.A.. 1996 A pilot heat and momentum flux study for the North Atlantic - base climatology. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 31pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Internal Document, 11)
Josey, S.A.. 1996 Objective analysis of climatological fields: results of test analyses using a successive correction method. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 27pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Internal Document, 10)