Robin Pascal

Group: 
Ocean Technology and Engineering
Email: 
rwp@noc.ac.uk
Location: 
Southampton
Telephone: 
+44 (0)23 8059 6138

Robin Pascal is head of the Electronics and Software team in the Ocean Technology and Engineering Group at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton in the UK.

His interests have included meteorology, air-sea interaction, wave measurement and the development of sensors and systems for the measurement of air-sea fluxes and waves. He was the lead design engineer for the autonomous air-sea interaction system “AutoFlux”; a novel spar buoy to measure wave breaking for the HiWASE & WAGES projects and he is currently the NOC PI for the H2020 BRIDGES deep glider project.

Publications

Article

Carella, G.; Morris, A.K.R.; Pascal, R.W.; Yelland, M.J.; Berry, D.I.; Morak-Bozzo, S.; Merchant, C.J.; Kent, E.. 2017 Measurements and models of the temperature change of water samples in Sea Surface Temperature buckets. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. 10.1002/qj.3078 (In Press)
Yang, Mingxi; Bell, Thomas G.; Hopkins, Frances E.; Kitidis, Vassilis; Cazenave, Pierre W.; Nightingale, Philip D.; Yelland, Margaret J.; Pascal, Robin W.; Prytherch, John; Brooks, Ian M.; Smyth, Timothy J.. 2016 Air–sea fluxes of CO2 and CH4 from the Penlee Point Atmospheric Observatory on the south-west coast of the UK. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16 (9). 5745-5761.10.5194/acp-16-5745-2016
McQuillan, J.S.; Hopper, D.J.; Magiopoulos, I.; Arundell, M.; Brown, R.; Shorter, S.; Mowlem, M.C.; Pascal, R.W.; Connelly, D.. 2016 Buzz off! An evaluation of ultrasonic acoustic vibration for the disruption of marine micro-organisms on sensor-housing materials. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 63 (6). 393-399.10.1111/lam.12671
Prytherch, J.; Yelland, M.J.; Brooks, I.M.; Tupman, D.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Moat, B.I.; Norris, S.J.. 2015 Motion-correlated flow distortion and wave-induced biases in air–sea flux measurements from ships. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15 (18). 10619-10629.10.5194/acp-15-10619-2015
Norris, S.J.; Broosk, I.M.; Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.; de Leeuw, G.; Pascal, R.W.; Brooks, B.. 2013 Near-surface measurements of sea spray aerosol production over whitecaps in the open ocean. Ocean Science, 9. 133-145.10.5194/os-9-133-2013
Huang, Xi; Pascal, Robin W.; Chamberlain, Katie; Banks, Christopher J.; Mowlem, Matthew; Morgan, Hywel. 2011 A Miniature, High Precision Conductivity and Temperature Sensor System for Ocean Monitoring. IEEE Sensors Journal, 11 (12). 3246-3252.10.1109/JSEN.2011.2149516
Pascal, R.W.; Yelland, M.J.; Srokosz, M.A.; Moat, B.I.; Waugh, E.M.; Comben, D.H.; Clansdale, A.G.; Hartman, M.C.; Coles, D.G.H.; Hsueh, Ping-Chang; Leighton, T.G.. 2011 A spar buoy for high frequency wave measurements and detection of wave breaking in the open ocean. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28 (4). 590-605.10.1175/2010JTECHO764.1
Prytherch, J.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Moat, B.I.; Skjelvan , I.; Srokosz, M.A.. 2010 Open ocean gas transfer velocity derived from long-term direct measurements of the CO2 flux. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L23607.10.1029/2010GL045597
Huebert, B.J.; Blomquist, B.W.; Yang, M.X.; Archer, S.D.; Nightingale, P.D.; Yelland, M.J.; Stephens, J.; Pascal, R.W.; Moat, B.I.. 2010 Linearity of DMS transfer coefficient with both friction velocity and wind speed in the moderate wind speed range. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L01605.10.1029/2009GL041203
Prytherch, J.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Moat, B.I.; Skjelvan, I.; Neill, C.. 2010 Direct measurements of the CO2 flux over the ocean: development of a novel method. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. L03607.10.1029/2009GL041482
Brooks, Ian M.; Yelland , Margaret J.; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.; Nightingale, Phillip D.; Archer, Steve; D'Asaro, Eric; Beale, Rachael; Beatty, Cory; Blomquist, Byron; Bloom, A. Anthony; Brooks, Barbara J.; Cluderay, John; Coles, David; Dacey, John; DeGrandpre, Michael; Dixon, Jo; Drennan, William M.; Gabriele, Joseph; Goldson, Laura; Hardman-Mountford, Nick; Hill, Martin K.; Horn , Matt; Hsueh, Ping-Chang; Hubert, Barry; De Leeuw, Gerrit; Leighton, Timothy G.; Liddicoat, Malcolm; Lingard, Justin J.N.; McNeil, Craig; McQuaid, James B.; Moat, Ben I.; Moore, Gerald; Neill, Craig; Norris, Sarah J.; O'Docherty, Simon; Pascal, Robin W.; Prytherch, John; Rebozo, Mike; Sahlee, Erik; Salter, Matt; Schuster, Ute; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Slagter, Hans; Smith, Michael H.; Smith, Paul D.; Srokosz, Meric; Stephens, John A.; Taylor, Peter K.; Telszewski, Maciej; Walsh, Roisin; Ward, Brian; Woolf, David K.; Young, Dickon; Zemmelink, Henk. 2009 Supplement to physical exchanges at the air-sea interface: UK-SOLAS Field Measurements. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (5), supplement Physical Exchanges at the Air–Sea Interface: UK–SOLAS Field Measurements. ES9-ES16.10.1175/2008BAMS2578.2
Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Taylor, P.K.; Moat, B.I.. 2009 AutoFlux: an autonomous system for the direct measurement of the air-sea fluxes of CO2, heat and momentum. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 2 (1). 15-23.
Brooks, Ian M.; Yelland, Margaret J.; Upstill-Goddard, Robert C.; Nightingale, Phillip D.; Archer, Steve; d'Asaro, Eric; Beale, Rachael; Beattie, Cory; Blomquist, Byron; Bloom, Anthony A.; Brooks, Barbara J.; Cluderay, John; Coles, David; Dacey, John; DeGrandpre, Michael; Dixon, Jo; Drennan, William M.; Gabriele, Joseph; Goldsen, Laura; Hardman-Mountford, Nick; Hill, Martin K.; Horn, Matt; Hsueh, Ping-Chang; Huebert, Barry; de Leeuw, Gerrit; Leighton, Timothy G.; Liddicot, Malcolm; Lingard, Justin J. N.; McNeil, Craig; McQuaid, James B.; Moat, Ben I.; Moore, Gerald; Neill, Craig; Norris, Sarah J.; O'Doherty, Simon; Pascal, Robin W.; Prytherch, John; Rebozo, Mike; Sahlee, Erik; Salter, Matt; Schuster, Ute; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Slagter, Hans; Smith, Michael H.; Smith, Paul D.; Srokosz, Meric; Stephens, John A.; Taylor, Peter K.; Telszewski, Maciej; Walsh, Roisin; Ward, Brian; Woolf, David K.; Young, Dickon; Zemmelink, Henk. 2009 Physical exchanges at the air-sea interface: UK-SOLAS Field Measurements. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90 (5). 629-644.10.1175/2008BAMS2578.1
Sosna, Maciej; Denuault, Guy; Pascal, Robin W.; Prien, Ralf D.; Mowlem, Matt. 2008 Field assessment of a new membrane-free microelectrode dissolved oxygen sensor for water column profiling. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 6. 180-189.
Weller, R.A.; Bradley, E.F.; Edson, J.B.; Fairall, C.W.; Brooks, I.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.. 2008 Sensors for physical fluxes at the sea surface: energy, heat, water, salt. Ocean Science, 4 (4). 247-263.
Sosna, M.; Denuault, G.; Pascal, R.W.; Prien, R.D.; Mowlem, M.. 2007 Development of a reliable microelectrode dissolved oxygen sensor. Sensors and Actuators B, 123 (1). 344-351.10.1016/j.snb.2006.08.033
Holliday, N.P.; Yelland, M.Y.; Pascal, R.; Swail, V.; Taylor, P.K.; Griffiths, C.R.; Kent, E.C.. 2006 Were extreme waves in the Rockall Trough the largest ever recorded? Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (5). L05613.10.1029/2005GL025238
Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Molland, A.F.. 2006 Quantifying the airflow distortion over merchant ships. Part I: validation of a CFD model. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 23 (3). 341-350.10.1175/JTECH1858.1
Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Molland, A.F.. 2005 An overview of the airflow distortion at anemometer sites on ships. International Journal of Climatology, 25 (7). 997-1006.10.1002/joc.1177
Lupkes, C.; Hartmann, J.; Birnbaum, G.; Cohrs, W.; Yelland, M.; Pascal, R.; Spiess, T.; Buschmann, M.. 2004 Atmospheric physics and chemistry (energy exchange between the atmosphere and the sea ice covered ocean during Arctic winter). Berichte fur Polarforschung, 481. 47-72.
Josey, S.A.; Pascal, R.W.; Taylor, P.K.; Yelland, M.J.. 2003 A new formula for determining the atmospheric longwave flux at the ocean surface at mid-high latitudes. Journal of Geophysical Research C (Oceans), 108 (C4). 03108-[16pp].10.1029/2002JC001418
Yelland, M.J.; Moat, B.I.; Pascal, R.W.; Berry, D.I.. 2002 CFD model estimates of the airflow distortion over research ships and the impact on momentum flux measurements. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 19 (10). 1477-1499.10.1175/1520-0426(2002)019<1477:CMEOTA>2.0.CO;2
Pascal, R.W.; Josey, S.A.. 2000 Accurate radiometric measurement of the atmospheric longwave flux at the sea surface. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 17 (9). 1271-1283.10.1175/1520-0426(2000)017<1271:ARMOTA>2.0.CO;2
Yelland, M.J.; Moat, B.I.; Taylor, P.K.; Pascal, R.W.; Hutchings, J.; Cornell, V.C.. 1998 Wind stress measurements from the open ocean corrected for air flow distortion by the ship. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 28 (7). 1511-1526.10.1175/1520-0485(1998)028<1511:WSMFTO>2.0.CO;2
Josey, S.A.; Oakely, D.; Pascal, R.W. . 1997 On estimating the atmospheric longwave flux at the ocean surface from ship meteorological reports. Journal of Geophysical Research, 102 (C13). 27961-27972.10.1029/97JC02420

Monograph

Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Prytherch, J.. 2015 Metadata for the WAGES instrumentation deployed on the RRS James Clark Ross between May 2010 and September 2013. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, 146pp. (National Oceanography Centre Internal Document, No. 13)
Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Prytherch, J.. 2011 Metadata for the WAGES instrumentation deployed on the James Clark Ross between May 2010 and September 2011. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre, 54pp. (National Oceanography Centre Internal Document 04)
Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Prytherch, J.. 2010 Metadata for the HiWASE instrumentation deployed on the OWS Polarfront between September 2006 and December 2009. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 100pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Internal Document 17)
Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.. 2010 OWS Polarfront Cruise P162, 09 SEP – 04 OCT 2006. HiWASE mobilisation and shakedown cruise. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 26pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Cruise Report 33)
Prytherch, J.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.. 2010 HiWASE: instrument alignments. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 12pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Internal Document 18)
Pascal, R.W.. 2002 RRS Charles Darwin Cruise 135, 24 Oct-18 Nov 2001. ATSR validation cruise: Seychelles - Durban. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 78pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 39)
Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.. 2000 RRS James Clark Ross Cruise 52, 11 Sep-17 Oct 2000. AutoFlux trials cruise, UK to Falklands passage. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 36pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 32)
Moat, B.I.; Pascal, R.W.; Guymer, T.H.. 1997 Scheherezade - an interdisciplinary study of the Gulf of Oman, Strait of Hormuz and the southern Arabian Gulf, Charles Darwin Cruise 104, 12 Feb-30 Apr 1997. No. 8. Surface meteorological parameters. Leg 1, 12 Feb - 19 March. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 34pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Research & Consultancy Report, 17)
Moat, B.I.; Pascal, R.W.; Guymer, T.H.. 1997 Scheherezade - an interdisciplinary study of the Gulf of Oman, Strait of Hormuz and the southern Arabian Gulf, Charles Darwin Cruise 104, 12 Feb-30 Apr 1997. No. 9. Sea surface temperature measurements. Leg 1, 12 Feb - 19 March. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 34pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Research & Consultancy Report, 18)
Pascal, R.W.; Moat, B.I.; Guymer, T.H.. 1997 Scheherezade - an interdisciplinary study of the Gulf of Oman, Strait of Hormuz and the southern Arabian Gulf, Charles Darwin Cruise 104, 12 Feb-30 Apr 1997. No. 10. Upper air temperature, humidity and winds measured by radiosondes. Leg 1, 12 Feb-19 March. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 178pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Research & Consultancy Report, 19)
Birch, K.G.; Clayson, C.H.; Pascal, R.W.. 1994 Sonic Buoy general handbook. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 38pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 333)
Birch, K.G.; Clayson, C.H.; Pascal, R.W.. 1994 SWALES Sonic Buoy - telemetered data report. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 89pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 332)
Birch, K.G.; Clayson, C.H.; Pascal, R.W.. 1994 VHF Data Telemetry. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 46pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 334)
Clayson, C.H.; Pascal, R.W.. 1994 SWALES Sonic Buoy - Sonic Anemometer spectral and raw data report. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 25pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 343)
Birch, K.G.; Kent, E.C.; Pascal, R.W.; Taylor, P.K.. 1993 Multimet scientific users guide. Chilworth, UK, James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation, 47pp. (James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation Internal Document, 10)
Ward, S.K.; Pascal, R.W.; Birch, K.G.. 1993 Meteorological data from RRS Charles Darwin Cruise 73. Chilworth, UK, James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation, 16pp. (James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation Internal Document, 12)
Tiddy, R.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Birch, K.G.; Taylor, P.K.. 1993 Analysis of meteorological data from RRS Charles Darwin cruises CD46 and CD47 (BOFS experiment). Chilworth, UK, James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation, 57pp. (James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation Internal Document, 11)
Pascal, R.W.; Birch, K.G.; Williams, A.L.. 1992 GPS and ship head recording system: technical reference for hardware interface and software. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 48pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 309)
Hart, B.H.; Timmins, N.T.; Grohmann, D.; Birch, K.G.; Pascal, R.W.; Clayson, C.H.. 1992 Sonic Buoy Mechanical Design. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 135pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 322)
Birch, K.G.; Pascal, R.W.; Williams, A.L.. 1992 GPS and ship head recording system: installation and operators guide. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 31pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 308)
Kent, E.C.; Birch, K.G.; Pascal, R.W.; Taylor, P.K.. 1992 Evaluation on Cruise CD 62A of a Magnavox MX 4200 GPS receiver and KVH fluxgate compass to provide ship speed and headind. Chilworth, UK, James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation, 20pp. (James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation Internal Document, 2)
Kent, E.C.; Pascal, R.W.. 1992 Project SOFIA - IOS Cruise Report. Chilworth, UK, James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation, 40pp. (James Rennell Centre for Ocean Circulation Internal Document, 7)
Clayson, C.H.; Pascal, R.W.. 1992 Routine spectral wave data acquisition on OWS Cumulus. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 51pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 311)
Yelland, M.J.; Taylor, P.K.; Birch, K.G.; Pascal, R.W.; Williams, A.L.. 1991 Evaluation of a Solent Sonic Anemometer on RRS Charles Darwin Cruise 43. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 55pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Report 288)
Pascal, R.W.; Williams, A.; Ahmed, R.. 1991 A user's guide to the MultiMet Sensor Management and Calibration Facility. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 114pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Internal Document, 298)

Conference item

Anguelova, M.D.; Bobak, J.P.; Asher, W.E.; Dowgiallo, D.J.; Moat, B.I.; Pascal, R.W.; Yelland, M.J.. 2009 Validation of satellite-based estimates of whitecap coverage: Approaches and initial results. In: 16th Conference on air-sea interaction, Phoenix, USA, 11-15 Jan 2009. Boston MA, USA, American Meteorological Society. (Unpublished)
Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.. 2009 Oceanic whitecap coverage measured during UK-SOLAS cruises. In: 16th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Phoenix, USA, 11-15 Jan 2009. (Unpublished)
Prytherch, J.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Taylor, P.K.; Moat, B.I.; Skjelvan, I.; Neill, C.. 2009 Initial turbulent flux results from station Mike. In: 16th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Phoenix, USA, 11-15 Jan 2009. Boston MA, US, American Meteorological Society. (Unpublished)
Yelland, M. J.; Bjorheim, K.; Gommenginger, C.; Pascal, R.W.; Moat, B.I.. 2007 Future exploitation of in-situ wave measurements at Station Mike. In: JCOMM Scientific and Technical Symposium on Storm Surges, Seoul, Republic of Korea, , 02-06 Oct 2007. JCOMM. (Unpublished)
Moat, B.I.; Yelland, M.J.; Pascal, R.W.; Molland, A.F.. 2005 The effect of ship shape and anemometer location on wind speed measurements obtained from ships. In: 4th International Conference on Marine Computational Fluid Dynamics, Southampton, UK, 30-31 Mar 2005. The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, 133-139.

Book section

Prien, R.D.; Pascal, R.W.; Attard, G.S.; Birkin, P.R.; Denuault, G.; Cook, D.; Offin, D.. 2001 Development and first results of a new mesoporous microelectrode DO-sensor. In:Oceans 2001. Vol. 3. MTS/IEEE Conference Proceedings: An Ocean Odyssey, Honolulu, HI, Nov 5-11, 2001. Piscataway NJ, USA, IEEE, 1910-1914.