Dr Matthew Palmer

Group: 
Marine Physics and Ocean Climate
Email: 
rolm@noc.ac.uk
Location: 
Liverpool
Telephone: 
+44 (0)151 795 4967

Research Interests

  • Understandng the physical dynamics of coastal and shelf seas
  • Measuring and understanding oceanic turbulence and mixing
  • Using ocean gliders as a novel measurement platform
  • Integration of ocean observations and numerical models to better understand our oceans
  • Understanding physical controls on primary production of phytoplankton and biogeochemical cycles.

PhD students:

Ms Anastasiia Domina: The life cycle of high-frequency internal waves in shelf seas; from generation to dissipation

Ms Jennifer Jardine: Using ocean gliders to understand the physical controls on phytoplankton variability in coastal and shelf seas

Current projects:

Pycnocline Mixing in Shelf Seas (PycnMix):

PycnMix brings together two decades of shelf sea data with state-of-the-art, high-resolution LES modeling to investigate the predictability of pycnocline turbulence and mixing to improve regional scale ocean models.

Fluxes Across Sloping Topography of the North East Atlantic (FASTNEt):

FASTNEt recognises that shelf seas are a critical interface, linking the terrestrial, atmospheric and oceanic carbon pools and acting as a physical gateway to key biogeochemical fluxes. We are therefore seeking to establish collaborations within our field and modelling programmes to combine our physical science advances with linked advances in biogeochemical processes and exchanges in shelf seas and at ocean margins. More at http://www.sams.ac.uk/fastnet

CArbon/Nutrient DYnamics and FLuxes Over Shelf Systems (CANDYFLOSS):

The goal of this project is to quantify the role of shelf seas in the global nutrient and carbon cycles. Our goal will be realised via dedicated process studies in the Celtic Sea to improve our understanding of the mechanisms by which the biogeochemical cycling of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and silicate in a shelf sea system support the net sequestration of carbon in the deep ocean, enabling the identification of drivers which may be susceptible to ongoing or future environmental changes.

AtlantOS (Optimizing and enhancing the Integrated Atlantic Ocean Observing System):

EU H2020 'Blue Growth' project designed to improve the readiness of existing ocean observing networks and data systems, as well as strengthening Europe’s contribution to the Global Ocean Observing System. I am a task leader in WP4.2 "Optimised shelf physical and biogeochemical sampling" which primarily uses ocean gliders to test shelf-wide ocean monitoring capability.

UK Ocean Acidification, Shelf Sea Consortium:

Investigating how ocean acidification will affect surface ocean biology, biogeochemistry and climate? More at http://www.surfaceoa.org.uk/

NERC Marine Autonomous Robotic Systems:

Much of my current research is centred around using ocean gliders to supplement shelf sea process studies and long term measurement programmes. More at http://noc.ac.uk/research-at-sea/nmfss/mars

Ocean Surface Mixing, Ocean Sub-mesoscale Interaction Study (OSMOSIS):

OSMOSIS aims to develop new parameterisations of processes that deepen and shoal the ocean surface boundary layer and to implement and evaluate these parameterisations in a state-of-the-art global coupled climate model, facilitating improved weather and climate predictions.

Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory (CObs):

CObs was operational in the Eastern Irish Sea between 2002 and 2012. Although the project ended in April 2012 it provides a unique dataset comprised of timeseries from a number of different platforms measuring physical and biogeochemical parameters in the highly dynamic and complex Liverpool Bay. This rich archive is available for public use and remains a major part of my current research. More at http://cobs.noc.ac.uk/

Recent papers:

  • M. Porter, M. E. Inall, J. Hopkins, M. R. Palmer, A. C. Dale, D. Aleynik, J. A. Barth, C. Mahaffey, D. A. Smeed (2016) Glider observations of enhanced deep water upwelling at a shelf break canyon: a mechanism for cross-slope carbon and nutrient exchange. Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans (accepted)

  • McCardell, G., J. O’Donnell, A. J. Souza & M. R. Palmer (2016), Internal tides and tidal cycles of vertical mixing in western Long Island Sound, Journal of Geophysical Research, Oceans 121. doi:10.1002/2015JC010796.

  • M. R. Palmer, G. R. Stephenson, M. E. Inall, C. Balfour, A.Dusterhus & J. A. M. Green (2015) Turbulence and Mixing by Internal Waves In The Celtic Sea Determined From Ocean Glider Microstructure Measurements. Journal of Marine Systems http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.11.005
  • Rippeth, T. P., B. J. Lincoln, H. A. Kennedy, M. R. Palmer, J. Sharples, and Caj Williams. "Impact of vertical mixing on sea surface pCO2 in temperate seasonally stratified shelf seas." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans(2014).
  • Hopkins, J.E., Stephenson G.R., Green J.M., Inall M.E. & Palmer M.R. (2014) Storms modify baroclinic energy fluxes in a seasonally stratified shelf sea: Inertial-tidal interaction. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119 (10) 6863–6883 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010011
  • Stansfield, K. L., Palmer, M. R., Rippeth, T. P., and Simpson, J. H.: Turbulent mixing in the seasonally-stratified western Irish Sea: a Thorpe Scale perspective, Ocean Sci. Discuss., 10, 2141-2155, doi:10.5194/osd-10-2141-2013, 2013.
  • Palmer M.R., J.A. Polton, M.E. Inall, T.P. Rippeth, JAM Green, J. Sharples, J.H. Simpson (2013), Variable Behavior In Pycnocline Mixing Over Shelf Seas. GRL, 40, doi: 10.1029/2012GL054638.
  • Palmer M.R., M.E. Inall & J. Sharples (2013), The physical oceanography of Jones Bank: A mixing hotspot in the Celtic Sea. Prog. Oceanography (117) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.009
  • Vlasenko V, N Stashchuk, MR Palmer & ME Inall (2013), Generation of baroclinic tides over an isolated underwater bank. JGR (accepted)
  • JA Polton, MR Palmer, MJ Howarth (2013), The vertical structure of time-mean estuarine circulation in a shallow, rotating, semi-enclosed coastal bay: A Liverpool Bay case study with application for monitoring. Cont. Shelf Res., doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.03.004.
  • Tweddle JF, J Sharples, MR Palmer, K Davidson, S McNeill (2013) Enhanced nutrient fluxes at the shelf sea seasonal thermocline caused by stratified flow over a bank, Progress in Oceanography (117) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.018
  • Embling CB, J Sharples, E Armstrong, MR Palmer, BE Scott (2013) Fish behaviour in response to tidal variability and internal waves over a shelf sea bank, Progress in Oceanography (117) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.013
  • Scott BE, A Webb, MR Palmer, CB Embling, J Sharples (2013), Fine scale bio-physical oceanographic characteristics predict the foraging occurrence of contrasting seabird species; Gannet (Morus bassanus) and storm petrel (Hydrobates pelagicus), Progress in Oceanography, (117) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.011.
Committee and Board Memberships: 

Associate Editor of Continental Shelf Research

Challenger Society for Marine Sciences council member

UKMMAS Ocean Processes Evidence Group

Honourary Senior Research Fellow University of Liverpool, School of Environmental Science

Publications

Article

McCardell, Grant; O'Donnell, James; Souza, Alejandro; Palmer, Matthew R.. 2016 Internal tides and tidal cycles of vertical mixing in western Long Island Sound. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (2). 1063-1084.10.1002/2015JC010796
McCardell, Grant; O'Donnell, James; Souza, Alejandro J.; Palmer, Matthew R.. 2016 Internal tides and tidal cycles of vertical mixing in western Long Island Sound. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (2). 1063-1084.10.1002/2015JC010796
Porter, M.; Inall, M.E.; Hopkins, J.; Palmer, M.R.; Dale, A.C.; Aleynik, D.; Barth, J.A.; Mahaffey, C.; Smeed, D.A.. 2016 Glider observations of enhanced deep water upwelling at a shelf break canyon: a mechanism for cross-slope carbon and nutrient exchange. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121 (10). 7575-7588.10.1002/2016JC012087
Palmer, M.R.; Stephenson, G.R.; Inall, M.E.; Balfour, C.; Dusterhus, A.; Green, J.A.M.. 2015 Turbulence and mixing by internal waves in the Celtic Sea determined from ocean glider microstructure measurements. Journal of Marine Systems, 144. 57-69.10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.11.005
Stephenson, Gordon R.; Hopkins, Joanne E.; Green, J.A. Mattias; Inall, Mark E.; Palmer, Matthew R.. 2015 Baroclinic energy flux at the continental shelf edge modified by wind-mixing. Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (6). 1826-1833.10.1002/2014GL062627
Rippeth, T.P.; Lincoln, B.J.; Kennedy, H.A.; Palmer, M.R.; Sharples, J.; Williams, C.A.J.. 2014 Impact of vertical mixing on sea surface pCO2 in temperate seasonally stratified shelf seas. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119 (6). 3868-3882.10.1002/2014JC010089
Palmer, Matthew R.; Inall, Mark E.; Sharples, Jonathan. 2013 The physical oceanography of Jones Bank: A mixing hotspot in the Celtic Sea. Progress in Oceanography, 117. 9-24.10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.009
Embling, C.B.; Sharples, J.; Armstrong, E.; Palmer, M.R.; Scott, B.E.. 2013 Fish behaviour in response to tidal variability and internal waves over a shelf sea bank. Progress in Oceanography, 117. 106-117.10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.013
Stansfield, K.L.; Palmer, M.R.; Rippeth, T.P.; Simpson, J.H.. 2013 Turbulent mixing in the seasonally-stratified western Irish Sea: a Thorpe Scale perspective. Ocean Science Discussions, 10 (6). 2141-2155.10.5194/osd-10-2141-2013
Tweddle, Jacqueline F.; Sharples, Jonathan; Palmer, Matthew R.; Davidson, Keith; McNeill, Sharon. 2013 Enhanced nutrient fluxes at the shelf sea seasonal thermocline caused by stratified flow over a bank. Progress in Oceanography, 117. 37-47.10.1016/j.pocean.2013.06.018
Vlasenko, Vasiliy; Stashchuk, Nataliya; Palmer, Matthew R.; Inall, Mark E.. 2013 Generation of baroclinic tides over an isolated underwater bank. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118 (9). 4395-4408.10.1002/jgrc.20304
Palmer, Matthew Robert; Polton, Jeff A.; Inall, Mark E; Rippeth, Tom; Green, Mattias; Sharples, Jonathan; Simpson, John. 2013 Variable behavior in pycnocline mixing over shelf seas. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (1). 161-166.10.1029/2012GL054638
Polton, Jeffrey A.; Palmer, Matthew Robert; Howarth, Michael John. 2011 Physical and dynamical oceanography of Liverpool Bay. Ocean Dynamics, 61 (9). 1421-1439.10.1007/s10236-011-0431-6
Palmer, Matthew Robert; Polton, Jeff A.. 2011 A strain-induced freshwater pump in the Liverpool Bay ROFI. Ocean Dynamics, 61 (11). 1905-1915.10.1007/s10236-011-0430-7
Howarth, John; Palmer, Matthew. 2011 The Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory. Ocean Dynamics, 61 (11). 1917-1926.10.1007/s10236-011-0458-8
Inall, Mark; Aleynik, Dimitry; Boyd, Tim; Palmer, Matthew; Sharples, Jonathan. 2011 Internal tide coherence and decay over a wide shelf sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 38. L23607.10.1029/2011GL049943
Rippeth, Tom P.; Wiles, Phil; Palmer, Matt R.; Sharples, Jonathan; Tweddle, Jacqueline. 2009 The diapcynal nutrient flux and shear-induced diapcynal mixing in the seasonally stratified western Irish Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 29 (13). 1580-1587.
Hickman, Anna E.; Holligan, P. M.; Moore, C. M.; Sharples, Jonathan; Krivtsov, V.; Palmer, Matthew R.. 2009 Distribution and chromatic adaptation of phytoplankton within a shelf sea thermocline. Limnology and Oceanography, 54 (2). 525-536.
Sharples, Jonathan; Moore, C.Mark; Hickman, Anna E.; Holligan, Patrick M.; Tweddle, Jacqueline F.; Palmer, Matthew R.; Simpson, John H.. 2009 Internal tidal mixing as a control on continental margin ecosystems. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L23603. 5, pp.10.1029/2009GL040683
Mattias Green, J. A.; Simpson, J. H.; Legg, S.; Palmer, M.. 2008 Internal waves, baroclinic energy fluxes and mixing at the European shelf edge. Continental Shelf Research, 28 (7). 937-950.10.1016/j.csr.2008.01.014
Palmer, M. R.; Rippeth, T. P.; Simpson, J. H.. 2008 An investigation of internal mixing in a seasonally stratified shelf sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113 (C12). C12005.10.1029/2007JC004531

Conference item

Moat, Ben; Smeed, David; Marcinko, Charlotte; Popinet, Stephane ; Turnock, Stephen ; Palmer, Matthew. 2016 Large eddy simulations of flow around underwater gliders and the impact on sensor measurements. In: 7th EGO Conference on Autonomous Ocean Gliders and their Applications, NOC, Southampton, UK, 26-29 Sep 2016. (Unpublished)
Howarth, M. John; Proctor, Roger; Balfour, Chris; Knight, Philip J.; Palmer, Matthew; Player, Rose J.. 2008 The Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory. In: PECS 2008: Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas, Liverpool, UK, 25th - 29th August 2008. Liverpool, 411-414.

Monograph

Palmer, Matthew; Balfour, Christopher; Gowen, Richard. 2013 UK-IMON Milestone report 3c; Final report on Glider implementation study. DEFRA (CEFAS) report ME5309 (C5801). Liverpool, National Oceanography Centre. (UNSPECIFIED) (Unpublished)
Balfour, C.; Palmer, M.. 2013 NOC Liverpool report for the UK-IMON Project. April-June 2013 Unit 194 Glider deployment. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, 41pp. (National Oceanography Centre Research and Consultancy Report, 39)
Palmer, Matthew. 2010 RV Prince Madog 02/10 cruise report, POL Coastal Observatory cruise #66, 26th-28th January 2010. Liverpool, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, 8pp. (POL COBS Cruise Report No. 66)
Palmer, M.. 2009 Prince Madog Cruise 02/09B, POL Coastal Observatory Cruise 59, 5-6th February 2009. Liverpool, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, 13pp. (COBS Cruise Report No.59)
Palmer, Matthew. 2009 RV Prince Madog PD15/09, cruise report PHiXT1, 1st-3rd May 2009. Liverpool, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, 13pp. (POL Multidisciplinary Cruise Report No. PHiXT1)
Palmer, Matthew R.. 2009 RV Prince Madog PD17/09, cruise report PHiXT2, 8th-11th May 2009. Liverpool, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, 11pp. (POL Multidisciplinary Cruise Report No. PHiXT2)
Palmer, Matthew. 2008 Prince Madog Cruise 33/08, POL Coastal Observatory cruise 57, 21st-23rd October 2008. Liverpool, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, 7pp. (COBS Cruise Report No. 57)
Palmer, M.. 2008 Prince Madog Cruise 14/08, POL Coastal Observatory cruise 53, 13th-16th May 2008. Liverpool, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, 18pp. (COBS Cruise Report No.53)
Palmer, M.. 2008 Prince Madog Cruise 01/08, POL Coastal Observatory cruise 50, 10-11th January 2008. Liverpool, Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory, 11pp. (COBS Cruise Report No. 50)

Book section

Howarth, M.J.; Proctor, R.; Balfour, C.; Greenwood, N.; Knight, P.; Palmer, M.; Player, R.. 2010 The Liverpool Bay Coastal Observatory. In: Dahlin, H.; et al, ., (eds.)Coastal to Global Operational Oceanography: Achievements and Challenges. Procs Fifth International Conference on EuroGOOS, Exeter, 20-22 May 2008. Norrkoping, Sweden, EuroGOOS Office, 507-512. (EuroGOOS Publication, 28).