Dr Elaine McDonagh

Marine Physics and Ocean Climate
+44 (0)23 8059 7741

My research focuses on using in situ ocean observations to quantify ocean circulation and fluxes, and the temporal changes in water-mass properties.



Holliday, N. P.; Bacon, S.; Cunningham, S. A.; Gary, S. F.; Karstensen, J.; King, B. A.; Li, F.; McDonagh, E. L.. 2018 Subpolar North Atlantic overturning and gyre-scale circulation in the summers of 2014 and 2016. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC013841 (In Press)
Firing, Yvonne L.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Desbruyeres, Damien G.. 2017 Deep temperature variability in Drake Passage. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122 (1). 713-725.10.1002/2016JC012452
Desbruyeres, Damien; McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Thierry, Virginie. 2017 Global and full-depth ocean temperature trends during the early 21st century from Argo and repeat hydrography. Journal of Climate, 30 (6). 1985-1997.10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0396.1
Evans, G.R.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.; Bryden, H.L.; Bakker, D.C.E.; Brown, P.J.; Schuster, U.; Speer, K.G.; van Heuven, S.M.A.C.. 2017 South Atlantic interbasin exchanges of mass, heat, salt and anthropogenic carbon. Progress in Oceanography, 151. 62-82.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2016.11.005
Meredith, M.P.; Sarmiento, J.L.; Johnson, K.S.; McDonagh, E.L.; ORCHESTRA and SOCCOM Teams, .. 2017 Advances in understanding the Southern Ocean’s role in global climate: the ORCHESTRA and SOCCOM programs. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 98 (8 (Supplement)), supplement State of the Climate in 2016. S168-S169.
Talley, L.D.; Feely, R.A.; Sloyan, B.M.; Wanninkhof, R.; Baringer, M.O.; Bullister, J.L.; Carlson, C.A.; Doney, S.C.; Fine, R.A.; Firing, E.; Gruber, N.; Hansell, D.A.; Ishii, M.; Johnson, G.C.; Katsumata, K.; Key, R.M.; Kramp, M.; Langdon, C.; Macdonald, A.M.; Mathis, J.T.; McDonagh, E.L.; Mecking, S.; Millero, F.J.; Mordy, C.W.; Nakano, T.; Sabine, C.L.; Smethie, W.M.; Swift, J.H.; Tanhua, T.; Thurnherr, A.M.; Warner, M.J.; Zhang, J.-Z.. 2016 Changes in ocean heat, carbon content, and ventilation: a review of the first decade of GO-SHIP global repeat hydrography. Annual Review of Marine Science, 8 (1). 185-215.10.1146/annurev-marine-052915-100829
Desbruyeres, D.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2016 Observational advances in estimates of oceanic heating. Current Climate Change Reports, 2 (3). 127-134.10.1007/s40641-016-0037-7
Kelly, Kathryn A.; Drushka, Kyla; Thompson, LuAnne; Le Bars, Dewi; McDonagh, Elaine L.. 2016 Impact of slowdown of Atlantic overturning circulation on heat and freshwater transports. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (14). 7625-7631.10.1002/2016GL069789
Desbruyeres, Damien G.; Purkey, Sarah G.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; Johnson, Gregory C.; King, Brian A.. 2016 Deep and abyssal ocean warming from 35 years of repeat hydrography. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (19). 10,356-10,365.10.1002/2016GL070413
McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Bryden, Harry L.; Courtois, Peggy; Szuts, Zoltan; Baringer, Molly; Cunningham, Stuart A.; Atkinson, Chris; McCarthy, Gerard. 2015 Continuous estimate of Atlantic oceanic freshwater flux at 26.5°N. Journal of Climate, 28 (22). 8888-8906.10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00519.1
Bryden, H.L.; King, B.A.; McCarthy, G.D.; McDonagh, E.L.. 2014 Impact of a 30% reduction in Atlantic meridional overturning during 2009-2010. Ocean Science, 10 (4). 683-691.10.5194/os-10-683-2014
Desbruyeres, D.G.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.; Garry, F.K.; Blaker, A.T.; Moat, B.; Mercier, H.. 2014 Full-depth temperature trends in the Northeastern Atlantic through the early 21st century. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (22). 7971-7979.10.1002/2014GL061844
Sonnewald, M.; Hirschi, J.J.-M.; Marsh, R.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2013 Atlantic meridional ocean heat transport at 26N: impact on subtropical ocean heat content variability. Ocean Science, 9 (6). 1057-1069.10.5194/os-9-1057-2013
Brannigan, Liam; Lenn, Yueng-Djern; Rippeth, Tom P.; McDonagh, Elaine; Chereskin, Teresa K.; Sprintall, Janet. 2013 Shear at the Base of the Oceanic Mixed Layer Generated by Wind Shear Alignment. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43 (8). 1798-1810.10.1175/JPO-D-12-0104.1
Close, Sally E.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Biuw, Martin; Boehme, Lars. 2013 Control of Mode and Intermediate Water Mass Properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low. Journal of Climate, 26 (14). 5102-5123.10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00346.1
Huussen, T.N.; Naveira-Garabato, A.C.; Bryden, H.L.; McDonagh, E.L.. 2012 Is the deep Indian Ocean MOC sustained by breaking internal waves? Journal of Geophysical Research, 117 (C8). C08024.10.1029/2012JC008236
McCarthy, G.D.; King, B.A.; Cipollini, P.; McDonagh, E.L.; Blundell, J.R.; Biastoch, A.. 2012 On the sub-decadal variability of South Atlantic Antarctic Intermediate Water. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (10). L10605.10.1029/2012GL051270
McCarthy, Gerard; McDonagh, Elaine; King, Brian. 2011 Decadal Variability of Thermocline and Intermediate Waters at 24°S in the South Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41 (1). 157-165.10.1175/2010JPO4467.1
Williams, Richard G.; McDonagh, Elaine; Roussenov, Vassil M.; Torres-Valdes, Sinhue; King, Brian; Sanders, Richard; Hansell, Dennis A.. 2011 Nutrient streams in the North Atlantic: Advective pathways of inorganic and dissolved organic nutrients. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25 (4). GB4008.10.1029/2010GB003853
Álvarez, M.; Tanhua, T.; Brix, H.; Lo Monaco, C.; Metzl, N.; McDonagh, E.L.; Bryden, H.L.. 2011 Decadal biogeochemical changes in the subtropical Indian Ocean associated with Subantarctic Mode Water. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116 (C9). C09016.10.1029/2010JC006475
Comas-Rodríguez, Isis; Hernández-Guerra, Alonso; McDonagh, Elaine L.. 2010 Referencing geostrophic velocities using ADCP data at 24.5°N (North Atlantic). Scientia Marina, 74 (2). 331-338.10.3989/scimar.2010.74n2331
McDonagh, E.L.; McLeod, P.; King, B.A.; Bryden, H.L.; Torres-Valdes, S.. 2010 Circulation, heat, and freshwater transport at 36°N in the Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40. 2661-2678.10.1175/2010JPO4176.1
Holliday, N.P.; Bacon, S.; Allen, J.T.; McDonagh, E.L.. 2009 Circulation and transport in the western boundary currents at Cape Farewell, Greenland. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39 (8). 1854-1870.10.1175/2009JPO4160.1
Moore, C. Mark; Mills, Matthew M.; Achterberg, Eric P.; Geider, Richard J.; LaRoche, Julie; Lucas, Mike I.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; Pan, Xi; Poulton, Alex J.; Rijkenberg, Micha J.A.; Suggett, David J.; Ussher, Simon J.; Woodward, E. Malcolm S.. 2009 Large-scale distribution of Atlantic nitrogen fixation controlled by iron availability. Nature Geoscience, 2 (12). 867-871.10.1038/NGEO667
Álvarez, M.; Lo Monaco, C.; Tanhua, T.; Yool, A.; Oschlies, A.; Bullister, J.L.; Goyet, C.; Metzl, N.; Touratier, F.; McDonagh, E.; Bryden, H.L.. 2009 Estimating the storage of anthropogenic carbon in the subtropical Indian Ocean: a comparison of five different approaches. Biogeosciences, 6 (4). 681-703.10.5194/bg-6-681-2009
McDonagh, Elaine L.; Bryden, Harry L.; King, Brian A.; Sanders, Richard J.. 2008 The circulation of the Indian Ocean at 32°S. Progress in Oceanography, 79 (1). 20-36.10.1016/j.pocean.2008.07.001
Leadbetter, S.J.; Williams, R.G.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2007 A twenty year reversal in water mass trends in the subtropical North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (12). L12608.10.1029/2007GL029957
King, B.A.; McDonagh, E.L.. 2005 Decadal changes in ocean properties revealed by ARGO floats. Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (15). L15601-[4pp].10.1029/2005GL023145
McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2005 Oceanic fluxes in the South Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 35 (1). 109-122.10.1175/JPO-2666.1
McDonagh, Elaine L.; Bryden, Harry L.; King, Brian A.; Sanders, Richard J.; Cunningham, Stuart A.; Marsh, Robert. 2005 Decadal changes in the South Indian Ocean thermocline. Journal of Climate, 18 (10). 1575-1590.10.1175/JCLI3350.1
Bryden, H.L.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2003 Changes in ocean water mass properties: oscillations or trends? Science, 300 (5628). 2086-2088.10.1126/science.1083980
McDonagh, E.L.; Arhan, M.; Heywood, K.J.. 2002 On the circulation of bottom water in the region of the Vema Channel. Deep-Sea Research I, 49 (7). 1119-1139.10.1016/S0967-0637(02)00016-X
Naveira Garabato, A.C.; McDonagh, E.L.; Stevens, D.P.; Heywood, K.J.; Sanders, R.J.. 2002 On the export of Antarctic bottom water from the Weddell Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 49 (21). 4715-4742.10.1016/S0967-0645(02)00156-X

Book section

Brown, P.; Sanders, R.; McDonagh, E.; Henson, S.; Best, A.I.; Poulton, A.J.; Mayor, D.J.. 2016 Impacts and effects of ocean warming on carbon management including methane hydrates. In: Baxter, J.M.; Laffoley, D.D'A., (eds.)Explaining ocean warming: Causes, scale, effects and consequences. Full Report. Gland, IUCN The World Conservation Union, 373-388.
Cunningham, S.A.; Baringer, M.O.; Toole, J.; Østerhaus, S.; Fischer, J.; Piola, A.; McDonagh, E.; Lozier, S.; Send, U.; Kanzow, T.; Marotzke, J.; Rhein, M.; Garzoli, S.L.; Rintoul, S.; Speich, S.; Wijffels, S.; Talley, L.; Baehr, J.; Meinen, C.; Treguier, A.-M.; Lherminier, P.. 2010 The present and future system for measurning the Atlantic Meridional overturning circulation and heat transport. In: Hall, J.; Harrison, D.E.; Stammer, D., (eds.)Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 2. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency, 229-244. (ESA Special Publication, WPP-306).


McDonagh, E.L.. 2009 RRS James Cook Cruise JC031, 03 Feb-03 Mar 2009. Hydrographic sections of Drake Passage. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 170pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Cruise Report 39)
McDonagh, E.L.. 2007 RRS Charles Darwin Cruise CD171, 01 May - 15 Jun 2005. A trans-Atlantic hydrographic section at 36N. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 127pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Cruise Report 14)