Dr David Billett

Honarary Research Fellow
Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems

The ecology of the deep-ocean seabed including local, regional and global biodiversity, long-term change in deep-sea communities, echinoderm taxonomy, continental slope megafauna, bentho-pelagic coupling, seasonality in the deep-sea, abundance and biomass of deep-sea megabenthos, geographic and bathymetric zonation of deep-sea fauna, abyssal plains, continental slopes, canyons, seamounts, cold-water corals, non-hydrothermal vent mid-ocean ridge benthic invertebrates, life-history strategies, deep-sea in situ experimentation, natural biotechnological and biomedicine products, the application of deep-sea science to industry and international policy needs (International Seabed Authority).

Committee and Board Memberships: 

Legal and Technical Committee, International Seabed Authority (2007-2016). Chair Legal and Technical Commission, International Seabed Authority (2011) Chair, British Indian Ocean Territory Science Advisory Group, UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (201



Jones, Daniel O.B.; Kaiser, Stefanie; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Smith, Craig R.; Menot, Lenaick; Vink, Annemiek; Trueblood, Dwight; Greinert , Jens; Billett, David S.M.; Martinez Arbizu, Pedro Martinez; Radziejewska, Teresa; Singh, Ravail; Ingole, Baban; Stratmann, Tanja; Simon-Lledó, Erik; Durden, Jennifer M.; Clark, Malcolm R.. 2017 Biological responses to disturbance from simulated deep-sea polymetallic nodule mining. PLoS ONE, 12 (2). e0171750.10.1371/journal.pone.0171750
Danovaro, R.; Aguzzi, J.; Fanelli, E.; Billett, D.; Gjerde, K.; Jamieson, A.; Ramirez-Llodra, E.; Smith, C.R.; Snelgrove, P.V.R.; Thomsen, L.; Van Dover, C.L.. 2017 An ecosystem-based deep-ocean strategy. Science, 355 (6324). 452-454.10.1126/science.aah7178
Gubili, Chrysoula; Ross, Elizabeth; Billett, David S.M.; Yool, Andrew; Tsairidis, Charalampos; Ruhl, Henry A.; Rogacheva, Antonina; Masson, Doug; Tyler, Paul A.; Hauton, Chris. 2017 Species diversity in the cryptic abyssal holothurian Psychropotes longicauda (Echinodermata). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 137. 288-296.10.1016/j.dsr2.2016.04.003
Durden, Jennifer M.; Bett, Brian J.; Horton, Tammy; Serpell-Stevens, Amanda; Morris, Kirsty J.; Billett, David S.M.; Ruhl, Henry A.. 2016 Improving the estimation of deep-sea megabenthos biomass: dimension to wet weight conversions for abyssal invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 552. 71-79.10.3354/meps11769
Durden, Jennifer M.; Billett, David S.M.; Brown, Alastair; Dale, Andrew C.; Goulding, Laura; Gollner, Sabine; Murphy, Kevin; Pape, Ellen; Purser, Autun; Rolin, Jean-Francois; Smith, Austin J.; Stewart, Ian; Turner, Phillip J.; de Wachter, Tom; Weaver, Philip P.E.; van Dover, Cindy L.; Verlaan, Philomene; Jones, Daniel O.B.. 2016 Report on the Managing Impacts of Deep-seA reSource exploitation (MIDAS) workshop on environmental management of deep-sea mining. Research Ideas and Outcomes, 2. e10292.10.3897/rio.2.e10292
Jeffreys, R.M.; Fisher, E.H.; Gooday, A.J.; Larkin, K.E.; Billett, D.S.M.; Wolff, G.A.. 2015 The trophic and metabolic pathways of foraminifera in the Arabian Sea: evidence from cellular stable isotopes. Biogeosciences, 12 (6). 1781-1797.10.5194/bg-12-1781-2015
Kazanidis, Georgios; Tyler, Paul A.; Billett, David S.M.. 2014 On the reproduction of the simultaneous hermaphrodite Paroriza prouhoi (Holothuroidea: Synallactidae) in the Porcupine Abyssal Plain, north-east Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 94 (4). 847-856.10.1017/S0025315413001537
Wagstaff, M.C.; Howell, K.L.; Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Brault, S.; Stuart, C.T.; Rex, M.A.. 2014 ?-diversity of deep-sea holothurians and asteroids along a bathymetric gradient (NE Atlantic). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 508. 177-185.10.3354/meps10877
Van Dover, C.L.; Aronson, J.; Pendleton, L.; Smith, S.; Arnaud-Haond, S.; Moreno-Mateos, D.; Barbier, E.; Billett, D.; Bowers, K.; Danovaro, R.; Edwards, A.; Kellert, S.; Morato, T.; Pollard, E.; Rogers, A.; Warner, R.. 2014 Ecological restoration in the deep sea: Desiderata. Marine Policy, 44. 98-106.10.1016/j.marpol.2013.07.006
Mecho, Ariadna; Billett, David S.M.; Ramírez-Llodra, Eva; Aguzzi, Jacopo; Tyler, Paul A.; Company, Joan B.. 2014 First records, rediscovery and compilation of deep-sea echinoderms in the middle and lower continental slope of the Mediterranean Sea. Scientia Marina, 78 (2). 281-302.10.3989/scimar.03983.30C
Laguionie-Marchais, C.; Billett, D.S.M.; Paterson, G.L.D.; Ruhl, H.A.; Soto, E.H.; Smith, K.L.; Thatje, S.. 2013 Inter-annual dynamics of abyssal polychaete communities in the North East Pacific and North East Atlantic—A family-level study. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 75. 175-186.10.1016/j.dsr.2012.12.007
Baker, Maria; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Billett, David. 2013 Preface [in special issue: Deep-Sea Biodiversity and Life History Processes] Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 92. 1-8.10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.03.040
Priede, Imants G.; Billett, David S.M.; Brierley, Andrew S.; Hoelzel, A. Rus; Inall, Mark; Miller, Peter I.. 2013 The ECO-MAR (Ecosystem of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the Sub-Polar Front and Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone) project: description of the benthic sampling programme 2007–2010 [in special issue: Benthos of the Sub-Polar Front Area on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Results of the ECOMAR Project] Marine Biology Research, 9 (5-6). 624-628.10.1080/17451000.2012.749998
Priede, Imants G.; Bergstad, Odd Aksel; Miller, Peter I.; Vecchione, Michael; Gebruk, Andrey; Falkenhaug, Tone; Billett, David S.M.; Craig, Jessica; Dale, Andrew C.; Shields, Mark A.; Tilstone, Gavin H.; Sutton, Tracey T.; Gooday, Andrew J.; Inall, Mark E.; Jones, Daniel O.B.; Martinez-Vicente, Victor; Menezes, Gui M.; Niedzielski, Tomasz; Sigurðsson, Þorsteinn; Rothe, Nina; Rogacheva, Antonina; Alt, Claudia H. S.; Brand, Timothy; Abell, Richard; Brierley, Andrew S.; Cousins, Nicola J.; Crockard, Deborah; Hoelzel, A. Rus; Høines, Åge; Letessier, Tom B.; Read, Jane F.; Shimmield, Tracy; Cox, Martin J.; Galbraith, John K.; Gordon, John D. M.; Horton, Tammy; Neat, Francis; Lorance, Pascal. 2013 Does Presence of a Mid-Ocean Ridge Enhance Biomass and Biodiversity? PLoS ONE, 8 (5). e61550.10.1371/journal.pone.0061550
Mora, Camilo; Wei, Chih-Lin; Rollo, Audrey; Amaro, Teresa; Baco, Amy R.; Billett, David; Bopp, Laurent; Chen, Qi; Collier, Mark; Danovaro, Roberto; Gooday, Andrew J.; Grupe, Benjamin M.; Halloran, Paul R.; Ingels, Jeroen; Jones, Daniel O.B.; Levin, Lisa A.; Nakano, Hideyuki; Norling, Karl; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Rex, Michael; Ruhl, Henry A.; Smith, Craig R.; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Thurber, Andrew R.; Tjiputra, Jerry F.; Usseglio, Paolo; Watling, Les; Wu, Tongwen; Yasuhara, Moriaki. 2013 Biotic and Human Vulnerability to Projected Changes in Ocean Biogeochemistry over the 21st Century. PLoS Biology, 11 (10). e1001682.10.1371/journal.pbio.1001682
Jones, Daniel O. B.; Alt, Claudia H.S.; Priede, Imants G.; Reid, William D.K.; Wigham, Benjamin D.; Billett, David D.S.; Gebruk, Andrey V.; Rogacheva, Antonina; Gooday, Andrew J.. 2013 Deep-sea surface-dwelling enteropneusts from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Their ecology, distribution and mode of life. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 98. 374-387.10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.05.009
Jamieson, R.E.; Heywood, J.L.; Rogers, A.D.; Billett, D.S.M.; Pearce, D.A.. 2013 Bacterial biodiversity in deep-sea sediments from two regions of contrasting surface water productivity near the Crozet Islands, Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 75. 67-77.10.1016/j.dsr.2012.12.012
Priede, Imants G.; Billett, David S.M.; Brierley, Andrew S.; Hoelzel, A. Rus; Inall, Mark; Miller, Peter I.; Cousins, Nicola J.; Shields, Mark A.; Fujii, Toyonobu. 2013 The ecosystem of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at the sub-polar front and Charlie–Gibbs Fracture Zone; ECO-MAR project strategy and description of the sampling programme 2007–2010. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 98. 220-230.10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.06.012
Alt, Claudia H.S.; Rogacheva, Antonina; Boorman, Benjamin; Hughes, A.J.; Billett, David S.M.; Gooday, Andrew J.; Jones, Daniel O.B.. 2013 Trawled megafaunal invertebrate assemblages from bathyal depth of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (48°–54°N). Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 98. 326-340.10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.02.003
Ruhl, Henry A.; Bett, Brian J.; Hughes, Sarah J.M.; Alt, Claudia J.S.; Ross, Elizabeth J.; Lampitt, Richard S.; Pebody, Corinne A.; Smith, Kenneth L.; Billett, David S.M.. 2013 Links between deep-sea respiration and community dynamics. Ecology, 95 (6). 1651-1662.10.1890/13-0675.1
Billett, D.S.M.; Bett, B.J.; Evans, R.; Cross, I.; Tyler, P.A.; Wolff, G.A.. 2013 The reproductive ecology of deep-sea ophiuroids around the Crozet plateau, Southern Indian ocean, under contrasting productivity regimes. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 92. 18-26.10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.03.002
Amaro, Teresa; Luna, Gian Marco; Danovaro, Roberto; Billett, David S.M.; Cunha, Marina R.. 2012 High prokaryotic biodiversity associated with gut contents of the holothurian Molpadia musculus from the Nazaré Canyon (NE Atlantic). Deep Sea Research Part I Oceanographic Research Papers, 63. 82-90.10.1016/j.dsr.2012.01.007
Cross, Ian A.; Gebruk, Andrey; Billett, David; Rogacheva, Antonina. 2012 Rediscovery of the elpidiid holothurian Peniagone horrifer (Elasipodida, Holothuroidea: Echinodermata) in the southern Indian Ocean. Marine Biodiversity, 42 (2). 241-245.10.1007/s12526-012-0111-x
Duffy, G.A.; Horton, T.; Billett, D.S.M.. 2012 Deep-sea scavenging amphipod assemblages from the submarine canyons of the Western Iberian Peninsula. Biogeosciences, 9. 4861-4869.10.5194/bg-9-4861-2012 (Unpublished)
Gebruk, Andrey V.; Solis-Marin, Francisco A.; Billett, David S.M.; Rogacheva, Antonina V.; Tyler, Paul A.. 2012 Review of the genus Zygothuria Perrier, 1898 and the Atlantic group of species of the genus Mesothuria Ludwig, 1894 (Synallactidae: Holothuroidea) with description of the new species Mesothuria millerisp. nov. Journal of Natural History, 46 (5-6). 265-348.10.1080/00222933.2011.638423
Jamieson, Rachel E.; Rogers, Alex D.; Billett, David; Smale, Dan A.; Pearce, David A.. 2012 Patterns of marine bacterioplankton biodiversity in the surface waters of the Scotia Arc, Southern Ocean. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 80 (2). 452-468.10.1111/j.1574-6941.2012.01313.x
Lebrato, Mario; Pitt, Kylie A.; Sweetman, Andrew K.; Jones, Daniel O.B.; Cartes, Joan E.; Oschlies, Andreas; Condon, Robert H.; Molinero, Juan Carlos; Adler, Laetitia; Gaillard, Christian; Lloris, Domingo; Billett, David S.M.. 2012 Jelly-falls historic and recent observations: a review to drive future research directions. Hydrobiologia, 690 (1). 227-245.10.1007/s10750-012-1046-8
Van Dover, C.L.; Smith, C.R.; Ardron, J.; Dunn, D.; Gjerde, K.; Levin, L.; Smith, S.; The Dinard Workshop Contributors, .; Billett, D.S.M.. 2012 Designating networks of chemosynthetic ecosystem reserves in the deep sea. Marine Policy, 36 (2). 378-381.10.1016/j.marpol.2011.07.002
Hartman, S.E.; Lampitt, R.S.; Larkin, K.E.; Pagnani, M.; Campbell, J.; Gkritzalis, T.; Jiang, Z-P.; Pebody, C.A.; Ruhl, H.A.; Gooday, A.J.; Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Provost, P.; McLachlan, R.; Turton, J.D.; Lankester, S.. 2012 The Porcupine Abyssal Plain fixed-point sustained observatory (PAP-SO): variations and trends from the Northeast Atlantic fixed-point time-series. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 69 (5). 776-783.10.1093/icesjms/fss077
Cunha, Marina R.; Paterson, Gordon L.J.; Amaro, Teresa; Blackbird, Sabena; de Stigter, Henko C.; Ferreira, Clarisse; Glover, Adrian; Hilário, Ana; Kiriakoulakis, Konstadinos; Neal, Lenka; Ravara, Ascensão; Rodrigues, Clara F.; Tiago, Áurea; Billett, David S.M.. 2011 Biodiversity of macrofaunal assemblages from three Portuguese submarine canyons (NE Atlantic). Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58 (23-24). 2433-2447.10.1016/j.dsr2.2011.04.007
Hughes, Sarah Jane Murty; Ruhl, Henry A.; Hawkins, Lawrence E.; Hauton, Chris; Boorman, Ben; Billett, David S.M.. 2011 Deep-sea echinoderm oxygen consumption rates and an interclass comparison of metabolic rates in Asteroidea, Crinoidea, Echinoidea, Holothuroidea and Ophiuroidea. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 214. 2512-2521.10.1242/jeb.055954
Ingels, Jeroen; Billett, David S.M.; Van Gaever, Saskia; Vanreusel, Ann. 2011 An insight into the feeding ecology of deep-sea canyon nematodes — Results from field observations and the first in-situ 13C feeding experiment in the Nazaré Canyon. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 396 (2). 185-193.10.1016/j.jembe.2010.10.018
Ingels, Jeroen; Billett, David S.M.; Kiriakoulakis, Konstadinos; Wolff, George A.; Vanreusel, Ann. 2011 Structural and functional diversity of Nematoda in relation with environmental variables in the Setúbal and Cascais canyons, Western Iberian Margin. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58 (23-24). 2354-2368.10.1016/j.dsr2.2011.04.002
Paterson, Gordon L.J.; Glover, Adrian G.; Cunha, Marina R.; Neal, Lenka; de Stigter, Henko; Kiriakoulakis, Konstadinos; Billett, David S.M.; Wolff, George A.; Tiago, Aurea; Ravara, Ascensão; Lamont, Peter; Tyler, Paul. 2011 Disturbance, productivity and diversity in deep-sea canyons: a worm’s eye view. Deep Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58 (23-24). 2448-2460.10.1016/j.dsr2.2011.04.008
Wolff, George A.; Billett, David S.M.; Bett, Brian J.; Holtvoeth, Jens; FitzGeorge-Balfour, Tania; Fisher, Elizabeth H.; Cross, Ian; Shannon, Roger; Salter, Ian; Boorman, Ben; King, Nicola J.; Jamieson, Alan; Chaillan, Frédéric. 2011 The Effects of Natural Iron Fertilisation on Deep-Sea Ecology: The Crozet Plateau, Southern Indian Ocean. PLoS ONE, 6 (6). e20697.10.1371/journal.pone.0020697
Amaro, T.; Bianchelli, S.; Billett, D.S.M.; Cunha, M.R.; Pusceddu, A.; Danovaro, R.. 2010 The trophic biology of the holothurian Molpadia musculus: implications for organic matter cycling and ecosystem functioning in a deep submarine canyon. Biogeosciences, 7 (8). 2419-2432.10.5194/bg-7-2419-2010
Benn, Angela R.; Weaver, Philip P.; Billett, David S.M.; van den Hove, Sybille; Murdock, Andrew P.; Doneghan, Gemma B.; Le Bas, Tim. 2010 Human Activities on the Deep Seafloor in the North East Atlantic: An Assessment of Spatial Extent. PLoS ONE, 5 (9). e12730.10.1371/journal.pone.0012730
Billett, D.S.M.; Bett, B.J.; Reid, W.D.K.; Boorman, B.; Priede, I.G.. 2010 Long-term change in the abyssal NE Atlantic: The ‘Amperima Event’ revisited [in special issue: Water Column and Seabed Studies at the PAP Sustained Observatory in the Northeast Atlantic] Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57 (15). 1406-1417.10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.02.001
FitzGeorge-Balfour, Tania; Billett, David S.M.; Wolff, George A.; Thompson, Anu; Tyler, Paul A.. 2010 Phytopigments as biomarkers of selectivity in abyssal holothurians; interspecific differences in response to a changing food supply [in special issue: Water Column and Seabed Studies at the PAP Sustained Observatory in the Northeast Atlantic] Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57 (15). 1418-1428.10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.01.013
Lampitt, R.S.; Billett, D.S.M.; Martin, A.P.. 2010 The sustained observatory over the Porcupine Abyssal Plain (PAP): Insights from time series observations and process studies (preface) [in special issue: Water Column and Seabed Studies at the PAP Sustained Observatory in the Northeast Atlantic] Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57 (15). 1267-1271.10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.01.003
Martin, Adrian; Lampitt, Richard; Billett, David; Talbot, Pam; Anderson, Thomas R.. 2010 Dedication to Dr. Martin Angel and Prof. Mike Fasham FRS [in special issue: Water Column and Seabed Studies at the PAP Sustained Observatory in the Northeast Atlantic] Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57 (15). 1272-1280.10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.01.004
Soto, Eulogio H.; Paterson, Gordon L.J.; Billett, David S.M.; Hawkins, Lawrence E.; Galéron, Joelle; Sibuet, Myriam. 2010 Temporal variability in polychaete assemblages of the abyssal NE Atlantic Ocean [in special issue: Water Column and Seabed Studies at the PAP Sustained Observatory in the Northeast Atlantic] Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57 (15). 1396-1405.10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.02.003
Wei, Chih-Lin; Rowe, Gilbert T.; Escobar-Briones, Elva; Boetius, Antje; Soltwedel, Thomas; Caley, M. Julian; Soliman, Yousria; Huettmann, Falk; Qu, Fangyuan; Yu, Zishan; Pitcher, C. Roland; Haedrich, Richard L.; Wicksten, Mary K.; Rex, Michael A.; Baguley, Jeffrey G.; Sharma, Jyotsna; Danovaro, Roberto; MacDonald, Ian R.; Nunnally, Clifton C.; Deming, Jody W.; Montagna, Paul; Lévesque, Mélanie; Weslawski, Jan Marcin; Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria; Ingole, Baban S.; Bett, Brian J.; Billett, David S.M.; Yool, Andrew; Bluhm, Bodil A.; Iken, Katrin; Narayanaswamy, Bhavani E.. 2010 Global patterns and predictions of seafloor biomass using random forests. PLoS ONE, 5 (12). e15323.10.1371/journal.pone.0015323
Cross, Ian A.; Gebruk, Andrey; Rogacheva, Antonina; Billett, David S.M.. 2009 Peniagone crozeti, a new species of elasipodid holothurian from abyssal depths off the Crozet Islands in the Southern Indian Ocean. Zootaxa, 2096. 484-488.
Smith, K.L.; Ruhl, H.A.; Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Lampitt, R.S.; Kaufmann, R.S.. 2009 Climate, carbon cycling and deep-ocean ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 106. 19211-19218.10.1073/pnas.0908322106
Amaro, Teresa; Witte, Harry; Herndl, Gerhard J.; Cunha, Marina R.; Billett, David S.M.. 2009 Deep-sea bacterial communities in sediments and guts of deposit-feeding holothurians in Portuguese canyons (NE Atlantic). Deep-Sea Research I, 56 (10). 1834-1843.10.1016/j.dsr.2009.05.014
Hughes, J.A.; Smith, T.; Chaillan, F.; Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Boorman, B.; Fisher, E.H.; Frenz, M.; Wolff, G.A.. 2007 Two abyssal sites in the Southern Ocean influenced by different organic matter inputs: Environmental characterization and preliminary observations on the benthic foraminifera. Deep-Sea Research II, 54 (18-20). 2275-2290.10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.06.006
Billett, D.S.M.; Bett, B.J.; Jacobs, C.L.; Rouse, I.P.; Wigham, B.D.. 2006 Mass deposition of jellyfish in the deep Arabian Sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 51 (5). 2077-2083.
Neto, R.R.; Wolff, G.A.; Billett, D.S.M.; Mackenzie, K.L.; Thompson, A.. 2006 The influence of changing food supply on the lipid biochemistry of deep-sea holothurians. Deep-Sea Research I, 53 (3). 516-527.10.1016/j.dsr.2005.12.001
Billett, D.S.M.. 2004 Sea cucumber explosion. Science Now, 18 March 2004.
Hudson, Ian R.; Pond, David W.; Billett, David S.M.; Tyler, Paul A.; Lampitt, Richard S; Wolff, George A.. 2004 Temporal variations in fatty acid composition of deep-sea holothurians: evidence of bentho-pelagic coupling. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 281. 109-120.10.3354/meps281109
Howell, K.L.; Billett, D.S.M.; Tyler, P.A.; Davidson, R.. 2004 Feeding ecology of deep-sea seastars (Echinodermata : Asteroidea): a pigment biomarker approach. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 266. 103-110.
Solis-Marin, F.A.; Billett, D.S.M.; Rogers, A.D.; Preston, J.. 2004 Mitochondrial DNA sequence evidence supporting the recognition of a new species of the deep-sea holothurian genus Pseudostichopus from the North Atlantic. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 84 (5). 1077-1084.
Weaver, P.P.E.; Billett, D.S.M.; Boetius, A.; Danovaro, R.; Freiwald, A.; Sibuet, M.. 2004 Hotspot ecosystem research on Europe's deep-ocean margins. Oceanography, 17 (4). 132-143.
Howell, K.L.; Rogers, A.D.; Billett, D.S.M.; Tyler, P.A.. 2004 Reproductive isolation among morphotypes of the Atlantic seastar species Zoroaster fulgens (Echinodermata:Asteroidea). Marine Biology, 144 (5). 977-984.10.1007/s00227-003-1248-8
Howell, K.L.; Pond, D.W.; Billett, D.S.M.; Tyler, P.A.. 2003 Feeding ecology of deep-sea seastars (Echinodermata: Asteroidea): a fatty-acid biomarker approach. Marine Ecology - Progress Series, 255. 193-206.
Hudson, I.R.; Wigham, B.D.; Billett, D.S.M.; Tyler, P.A.. 2003 Seasonality and selectivity in the feeding ecology and reproductive biology of deep-sea bathyal holothurians. Progress in Oceanography, 59 (4). 381-407.10.1016/j.pocean.2003.11.002
Masson, D.G.; Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Jacobs, C.L.; Wheeler, A.J.; Wynn, R.B.. 2003 The origin of deep-water, coral-topped mounds in the northern Rockall Trough, northeast Atlantic. Marine Geology, 194 (3-4). 159-180.10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00704-1
Wigham, B.D.; Tyler, P.A.; Billett, D.S.M.. 2003 Reproductive biology of the abyssal holothurian Amperima rosea: an opportunistic response to variable flux of surface derived organic matter? Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 83 (1). 175-188.
Wigham, Benjamin D.; Hudson, Iain R.; Billett, David S.M.; Wolff, George A.. 2003 Is long-term change in the abyssal Northeast Atlantic driven by qualitative changes in export flux? Evidence from selective feeding in deep-sea holothurians. Progress in Oceanography, 59 (4). 409-441.10.1016/j.pocean.2003.11.003
Howell, Kerry L.; Billett, David S.M.; Tyler, Paul A.. 2002 Depth-related distribution and abundance of seastars (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) in the Porcupine Seabight and Porcupine Abyssal Plain, N.E. Atlantic. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 49 (10). 1901-1920.10.1016/S0967-0637(02)00090-0
Santos, V.C.L.S.; Billett, D.S.M.; Wolff, G.A.. 2002 1-O-Alkylglyceryl ether lipids of the gut walls and contents of an abyssal holothurian (Oneirophanta mutabilis). Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 13 (5). 653-657.
Billett, D.. 2002 From Dave Billett aboard RRS "Discovery". Challenger Wave, August - Octobe. p.2.
Billett, D.S.M.. 2001 Tony Rice - deep-sea biologist. Progress in Oceanography, 50 (1/4). 1-11.10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00045-3
Billett, D.S.M.; Rice, A.L.. 2001 The BENGAL programme: introduction and overview. Progress in Oceanography, 50 (1/4). 13-25.10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00046-5
Billett, D.S.M.; Bett, B.J.; Rice, A.L.; Thurston, M.H.; Galéron, J.; Sibuet, M.; Wolff, G.A.. 2001 Long-term change in the megabenthos of the Porcupine Abyssal Plain (NE Atlantic). Progress in Oceanography, 50 (1/4). 325-348.10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00060-X
Ginger, M.L.; Billett, D.S.M.; Mackenzie, K.L.; Kiriakoulakis, K.; Neto, R.R.; Boardman, D.K.; Santos, V.L.C.S.; Horsfall, I.M.; Wolff, G.A.. 2001 Organic matter assimilation and selective feeding by holothurians in the deep sea: some observations and comments. Progress in Oceanography, 50 (1-4). 407-421.10.1016/S0079-6611(01)00063-5
Sumida, P.Y.G.; Tyler, P.A.; Billett, D.S.M.. 2001 Early juvenile development of deep-sea asteroids of the NE Atlantic Ocean, with notes on juvenile bathymetric distributions. Acta Zoologica, 82 (1). 11-40.
Billett, D.; Bett, B.; Gooday, A.. 2000 Atlantic Coral Ecosystem Study (ACES). Deep-Sea Newsletter, No.29. p.10.
Santos, V.L.C.S.; Billett, D.S.M.; Wolf, G.A.. 2000 An unusual 4-methyl sterol present in abyssal sediments from the north-east Atlantic Ocean. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management, 3 (3). 397-405.10.1016/S1463-4988(00)00039-7

Conference item

Morris, Kirsty; Jones, Daniel; Bett, Brian; Billett, David; Huvenne, Veerle; McPhail, Stephen; Ruhl, Henry. 2013 Autonomous Ecological Surveying of the Abyss (AESA):Towards a landscape scale perspective in deep-sea ecology. [Poster] In: UK-IMON International Workshop on New Monitoring Technologies:A Workshop to Prioritise Future Investment, Southampton, 10-12 Sep 2013. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre. (Unpublished)

Book section

Ebbe, B.; Billett, D.S.M.; Brandt, A.; Ellingsen, K.; Glover, A.; Keller, S.; Malyutina, M.; Molodtsowa, T.; Rex, M.; Smith, C.R.; Tselepides, T.. 2010 Diversity of abyssal marine life. In: McIntyre, A., (ed.)Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Distribution and Abundance. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell, 139-160, 384pp.
Lampitt, R.S.; Larkin, K.E.; Hartman, S.E.; Pagnani, M.R.; Billett, D.S.M.; Berndt, C.; Huhnerbach, V.; Osterhus, S.; Nittis, K.; Lykousis, V.; Petihakis, G.; Cardin, V.; Brunetti, F.; Bozzano, R.; Pensieri, S.; Wallace, D.; Karstensen, J.; Cotrim da Cunha, L.; Priede, I.G.; Holford, A.; Coppola, L.; Tamburini, C.; Lefevre, D.; Poulinquen, S.; Carval, T.; Ghiron, S.; Llindis-Gonzalez, O.; Cianca, A.; Melicio, O.; Santos, C.; Silva, P.; Gonzalez-Davila, M.; Santana-Casiano, M.. 2010 EuroSITES European network of deep ocean observatories. In: Dahlin, H.; Bell, M.J.; Flemming, N.C.; Petersson, S.E., (eds.)Coastal to Global Operational Oceanography: Achievements and Challenges. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on EuroGOOS. Norrköping, EuroGOOS Office SMHI/Bundesamt fur Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH), 122-129. (EuroGOOS Publication 28).
Larkin, K.E.; Ruhl, H.A.; Bagley, P.; Benn, A.; Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Boetius, A.; Chevaldonné, P.; Colaço, A.; Copley, J.; Danovaro, R.; Escobar-Briones, E.; Glover, A.; Gooday, A.J.; Hughes, J.A.; Kalogeropoulou, V.; Kitazato, H.; Kelly-Gerreyn, B.A.; Klages, M.; Lampadariou, N.; Lejeusne, C.; Perez, T.; Priede, I.G.; Rogers, A.; Sarradin, P.M.; Sarrazin, J.; Soltwedel, T.; Soto, E.H.; Thatje, S.; Tselepides, A.; van den Hove, S.; Tyler, P.A.; Vanreusel, A.; Wenzhöfer, F.. 2010 Benthic biology time-series in the deep sea: indicators of change. In: Hall, J.; Harrison, D.E.; Stammer, D., (eds.)Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 2. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency, 599-615. (ESA Special Publication, WPP-306).
Glover, A.G.; Gooday, A.J.; Bailey, D.M.; Billett, D.S.M.; Chevaldonne, P.; Colaco, A.; Copley, J.; Cuvelier, D.; Desbruyeres, D.; Kalogeropoulou, V.; Klages, M.; Lampadariou, N.; Lejeunsne, C.; Mestre, N.C.; Paterson, G.L.J.; Perez, T.; Ruhl, Henry A.; Sarrazin, J.; Soltwedel, T.; Soto, E.H.; Thatje, S.; Tselepides, A.; Van Gaever, S.; Vanreusel, A.. 2010 Temporal change in deep-sea benthic ecosystems: a review of the evidence from recent time-series studies. In: Lesser, M., (ed.)Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 58. London, UK, Academic Press, 1-95, 352pp.
Menot, L.; Sibuet, M.; Carney, R.S.; Levin, L.A.; Rowe, G.T.; Billett, D.S.M.; Poore, G.; Kitazato, H.; Vanreusel, A.; Galéron, J.; Levrado, H.P.; Sellanes , J.; Ingole, B.; Krylova, E.. 2010 New perceptions of continental margin biodiversity. In: McIntyre, A., (ed.)Life in the World's Oceans: Diversity, Distribution and Abundance. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell, 79-101, 384pp.
Ramirez Llodra, E.; Billett, D.S.M.. 2006 Deep-sea ecosystems: pristine biodiversity reservoir and technological challenges. In: Duarte, C.M., (ed.)The Exploration of marine biodiversity: scientific and technological challenges. Bilbao, Spain, Fundacion BBVA, 63-92, 154pp.
Billett, D.. 2006 Enhancing the understanding of the deep-sea environment: examples from the Atlantic Ocean. In:Prospects for International Collaboration in Marine Environmental Research to Enhance Understanding of the Deep Sea Environment: Proceedings of the International Seabed Authority's Workshop held in Kingston, Jamaica, 29 July to 2 August 2002. Kingston, Jamaica, International Seabed Authority, 81-85, 257pp.
Wheeler, A.J.; Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Masson, D.G.; Mayor, D.. 2004 The impact of demersal trawling on NE Atlantic deepwater coral habitats: the case of the Darwin Mounds, United Kingdom. In: Barnes, P., (ed.)Benthic habitats and the effects of fishing. Bethesda MD, USA, American Fisheries Society, 807-817. (American Fisheries Society Symposium, 41).
Rogers, A.D.; Billett, D.S.M.; Berger, W.; Flach, E.; Freiwald, A.; Gage, J.; Hebbeln, D.; Heip, C.; Pfannkuche, O.; Ramirez-Llodra, L.; Medlin, L.; Sibuet, M.; Soetaert, K.; Tendal, O.; Vanreusel, A.; Wlodarska-Kowalczuk, M.. 2003 Life at the edge: achieving prediction from environmental variability and biological variety. In: Wefer, Gerold; Billett, David; Hebbeln, Dierk; Jørgensen, Bo B.; Schlüter, Michael; van Weering, Tjeerd C.E., (eds.)Ocean Margin Systems. Berling, Springer, 387-403.


Billett, D.S.M.. 2006 RRS Charles Darwin Cruise 179, 14 Apr - 17 May 2006. Hotspot ecosystem research in the Setúbal, Lisbon, Cascais and Nazaré canyons on the Portuguese continental margin. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 66pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Cruise Report 13)
Baker, M.; Bett, B.; Billett, D.. 2001 Geoscience-Bioscience Synergy: Angola Block 18. Joint Southampton Oceanography Centre & British Geological Survey report to BP. Southampton, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 44pp. (UNSPECIFIED)
Baker, M.C.; Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Rogers, A.D.; Fontaubert, A.C.. 2001 The Status of natural resources on the high-seas. Part I: An environmental perspective; Part 2: Legal and polititcal considerations. Gland, WWF-Worldwide Fund for Nature, 93pp. (UNSPECIFIED)
Bett, B.J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Masson, D.G.; Tyler, P.A.. 2001 RRS Discovery Cruise 248, 07 Jul-10 Aug 2000. A multidisciplinary study of the environment and ecology of deep-water coral ecosystems and associated seabed facies and features (The Darwin Mounds, Porcupine Bank and Porcupine Seabight). Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 108pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 36)
Billett, D.S.M.. 2000 RRS Challenger Cruise 142, 19 Apr-19 May 1999. Temporal and spatial variability of benthic communities on the Porcupine Abyssal Plain and in the Porcupine Seabight. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 79pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 30)
Billett, D.S.M.. 1998 RRS Challenger Cruise 135, 15 Oct-30 Oct 1997. BENGAL: High resolution temporal and spatial study of the BENthic biology and Geochemistry of a north-eastern Atlantic abyssal Locality. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 49pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 19)
Roe, H.S.J.; Badcock, J.; Billett, D.S.M.; Chidgey, K.C.; Domanski, P.A.; Ellis, C.J.; Fasham, M.J.R.; Gooday, A.J.; Hargreaves, P.M.D.; Huggett, Q.J.; James, P.T.; Kirkpatrick, P.A.; Lampitt, R.S.; Merrett, N.R.; Muirhead, A.; Pugh, P.R.; Rice, A.L.; Russell, R.A.; Thurston, M.R.; Tyler, P.A.. 1987 Great Meteor East: a biological characterisation. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 260pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Report 248)