Dr Brian King

Group: 
Marine Physics and Ocean Climate
Email: 
bak@noc.ac.uk
Location: 
Southampton
Telephone: 
+44 (0)23 8059 6438

Ocean circulation; variability on timescales from interannual to decadal. Merdional fluxes and interbasin exchange, especially in the South Atlantic. Southern Ocean - transport and dynamics of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Comparison of output from ocean General Circulation Models with in situ observations. Measurement techniques: hydrographic measurements; shipboard and lowered ADCP; GPS. Application of new technology to oceanographic problems.

Committee and Board Memberships: 

I am presently or have in the past been a member of the following committees: SCOR WG127 on the Thermodaynamics and Equation of State of Seawater (2005-) UK Argo Expert Group (2000 - ) International Argo Steering Team (1999 - ) UK NERC Marine Science P

Publications

Article

Firing, Yvonne L.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Desbruyeres, Damien G.. 2017 Deep temperature variability in Drake Passage. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 122 (1). 713-725.10.1002/2016JC012452
Desbruyeres, Damien; McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Thierry, Virginie. 2017 Global and full-depth ocean temperature trends during the early 21st century from Argo and repeat hydrography. Journal of Climate, 30 (6). 1985-1997.10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0396.1
Evans, G.R.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.; Bryden, H.L.; Bakker, D.C.E.; Brown, P.J.; Schuster, U.; Speer, K.G.; van Heuven, S.M.A.C.. 2017 South Atlantic interbasin exchanges of mass, heat, salt and anthropogenic carbon. Progress in Oceanography, 151. 62-82.10.1016/j.pocean.2016.11.005
Desbruyeres, D.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2016 Observational advances in estimates of oceanic heating. Current Climate Change Reports, 2 (3). 127-134.10.1007/s40641-016-0037-7
Riser, Stephen C.; Freeland, Howard J.; Roemmich, Dean; Wijffels, Susan; Troisi, Ariel; Belbéoch, Mathieu; Gilbert, Denis; Xu, Jianping; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Thresher, Ann; Le Traon, Pierre-Yves; Maze, Guillaume; Klein, Birgit; Ravichandran, M.; Grant, Fiona; Poulain, Pierre-Marie; Suga, Toshio; Lim, Byunghwan; Sterl, Andreas; Sutton, Philip; Mork, Kjell-Arne; Vélez-Belchí, Pedro Joaquín; Ansorge, Isabelle; King, Brian; Turton, Jon; Baringer, Molly; Jayne, Steven R.. 2016 Fifteen years of ocean observations with the global Argo array. Nature Climate Change, 6 (2). 145-153.10.1038/nclimate2872
Desbruyeres, Damien G.; Purkey, Sarah G.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; Johnson, Gregory C.; King, Brian A.. 2016 Deep and abyssal ocean warming from 35 years of repeat hydrography. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (19). 10,356-10,365.10.1002/2016GL070413
McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Bryden, Harry L.; Courtois, Peggy; Szuts, Zoltan; Baringer, Molly; Cunningham, Stuart A.; Atkinson, Chris; McCarthy, Gerard. 2015 Continuous estimate of Atlantic oceanic freshwater flux at 26.5°N. Journal of Climate, 28 (22). 8888-8906.10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00519.1
Sheen, K.L.; Naveira Garabato, A.C.; Brearley, J.A.; Meredith, M.P.; Polzin, K.L.; Smeed, D.A.; Forryan, A.; King, B.A.; Sallee, J.-B.; St. Laurent, L.; Thurnherr, A.M.; Toole, J.M.; Waterman, S.N.; Watson, A.J.. 2014 Eddy-induced variability in Southern Ocean abyssal mixing on climatic timescales. Nature Geoscience, 7. 577-582.10.1038/ngeo2200
Bryden, H.L.; King, B.A.; McCarthy, G.D.; McDonagh, E.L.. 2014 Impact of a 30% reduction in Atlantic meridional overturning during 2009-2010. Ocean Science, 10 (4). 683-691.10.5194/os-10-683-2014
Desbruyeres, D.G.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.; Garry, F.K.; Blaker, A.T.; Moat, B.; Mercier, H.. 2014 Full-depth temperature trends in the Northeastern Atlantic through the early 21st century. Geophysical Research Letters, 41 (22). 7971-7979.10.1002/2014GL061844
Watson, Andrew J.; Ledwell, James R.; Messias, Marie-José; King, Brian A.; Mackay, Neill; Meredith, Michael P.; Mills, Benjamin; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.. 2013 Rapid cross-density ocean mixing at mid-depths in the Drake Passage measured by tracer release. Nature, 501 (7467). 408-411.10.1038/nature12432
Sonnewald, M.; Hirschi, J.J.-M.; Marsh, R.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2013 Atlantic meridional ocean heat transport at 26N: impact on subtropical ocean heat content variability. Ocean Science, 9 (6). 1057-1069.10.5194/os-9-1057-2013
Close, Sally E.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; McDonagh, Elaine L.; King, Brian A.; Biuw, Martin; Boehme, Lars. 2013 Control of Mode and Intermediate Water Mass Properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low. Journal of Climate, 26 (14). 5102-5123.10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00346.1
Atkinson, C.P.; Bryden, H.L.; Cunningham, S.A.; King, B.A.. 2012 Atlantic transport variability at 25°N in six hydrographic sections. Ocean Science, 8 (4). 497-523.10.5194/os-8-497-2012
McCarthy, G.D.; King, B.A.; Cipollini, P.; McDonagh, E.L.; Blundell, J.R.; Biastoch, A.. 2012 On the sub-decadal variability of South Atlantic Antarctic Intermediate Water. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (10). L10605.10.1029/2012GL051270
Rye, Craig D.; Messias, Marie-Jose; Ledwell, James R.; Watson, Andrew J.; Brousseau, Andrew; King, Brian A.. 2012 Diapycnal diffusivities from a tracer release experiment in the deep sea, integrated over 13 years. Geophysical Research Letters, 39 (4). L04603.10.1029/2011GL050294
Meredith, Michael; Woodworth, Philip L.; Chereskin, Teresa K.; Marshall, David P.; Allison, Lesley C.; Bigg, Grant R.; Donohue, Kathy; Heywood, Karen J,; Hughes, Chris W.; Hibbert, Angela; Hogg, Andrew McC; Johnson, Helen L.; Jullion, Loic; King, Brian A.; Leach, Harry; Lenn, Yueng-Djern; Maqueda, Miguel A. Morales; Munday, David R.; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Provost, Christine; Sallee, Jean-Baptiste; Sprintall, Janet. 2011 Sustained monitoring of the Southern Ocean at Drake Passage: past achievements and future priorities. Reviews of Geophysics, 49, RG4005. 36, pp.10.1029/2010RG000348
Bryden, Harry L.; King, Brian A.; McCarthy, Gerard D.. 2011 South Atlantic overturning circulation at 24°S. Journal of Marine Research, 69 (1). 38-56.10.1357/002224011798147633
Frajka-Williams, E.; Cunningham, S.A.; Bryden, H.; King, B.A.. 2011 Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5°N in the Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116. C11026.10.1029/2011JC007168
McCarthy, Gerard; McDonagh, Elaine; King, Brian. 2011 Decadal Variability of Thermocline and Intermediate Waters at 24°S in the South Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41 (1). 157-165.10.1175/2010JPO4467.1
Williams, Richard G.; McDonagh, Elaine; Roussenov, Vassil M.; Torres-Valdes, Sinhue; King, Brian; Sanders, Richard; Hansell, Dennis A.. 2011 Nutrient streams in the North Atlantic: Advective pathways of inorganic and dissolved organic nutrients. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 25 (4). GB4008.10.1029/2010GB003853
McDonagh, E.L.; McLeod, P.; King, B.A.; Bryden, H.L.; Torres-Valdes, S.. 2010 Circulation, heat, and freshwater transport at 36°N in the Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40. 2661-2678.10.1175/2010JPO4176.1
Kobayashi, Taiyo; King, Brian A.; Shikama, Nobuyuki. 2009 An estimation of the average lifetime of the latest model of APEX floats. Journal of Oceanography, 65 (1). 81-89.10.1007/s10872-009-0008-x
Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Jullion, Loïc; Stevens, David P.; Heywood, Karen J.; King, Brian A.. 2009 Variability of Subantarctic Mode Water and Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Drake Passage during the Late-Twentieth and Early-Twenty-First Centuries. Journal of Climate, 22 (13). 3661-3688.10.1175/2009JCLI2621.1
McDonagh, Elaine L.; Bryden, Harry L.; King, Brian A.; Sanders, Richard J.. 2008 The circulation of the Indian Ocean at 32°S. Progress in Oceanography, 79 (1). 20-36.10.1016/j.pocean.2008.07.001
Leadbetter, S.J.; Williams, R.G.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2007 A twenty year reversal in water mass trends in the subtropical North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (12). L12608.10.1029/2007GL029957
Leadbetter, S.J.; Williams, R.G.; McDonagh, E.L.; King, B.A.. 2007 A twenty year reversal in water mass trends in the subtropical North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 34 (12). L12608.10.1029/2007GL029957
Cunningham, S.A.; Alderson, S.G.; King, B.A.; Brandon, M.A.. 2003 Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108 (C5). 8084.10.1029/2001JC001147
Heywood, K.J.; King, B.A.. 2002 Water masses and baroclinic transports in the South Atlantic and southern oceans. Journal of Marine Research, 60 (5). 639-676.10.1357/002224002762688687
King, B.A.. 2001 Introduction to special section: World Ocean Circulation Experiment: Southern Ocean results. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106 (C2). p.2691.

Monograph

King, B.A.; et al, .. 2015 RRS James Clark Ross Cruise JR306, 10-20 Jan 2015. Hydrographic measurements on WOCE line SR1b. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, 35pp. (National Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 31)
King, B.A.; Holliday, N.P.; et al, .. 2015 RRS James Clark Ross Cruise 302, 06 Jun - 21 Jul 2014. The 2015 RAGNARRoC, OSNAP AND Extended Ellett Line cruise report. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre, 76pp. (National Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 35)
King, B.A.; et al, .. 2012 RRS Discovery Cruise 368, 15 Jul - 04 Aug 2011. Hydrographic measurements on WOCE line A16N. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 64pp. (National Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 20)
King, B.A.; et al, .. 2012 RRS Discovery Cruise 346, 05 Jan - 19 Feb 2010. The 2010 transatlantic hydrography section at 24.5°N. Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 177pp. (National Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 16)
King, B.A.. 2010 RSS James Cook Cruise JC032, 07 Mar – 21 Apr 2009. Hydrographic sections across the Brazil Current and at 24°S in the Atlantic. Southampton, UK, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, 173pp. (National Oceanography Centre Southampton Cruise Report 48)
Hawker, E.J.; King, B.A.; Sparrow, M.. 2005 RRS James Clark Ross Cruise 94, 01 Dec-15 Dec 2003. Drake Passage repeat hydrography: WOCE Southern Repeat Section 1b - Burdwood Bank to Elephant Island. Southampton, UK, Southampton Oceanography Centre, 56pp. (Southampton Oceanography Centre Cruise Report 55)
King, B.A.; Allison, M.; Alderson, S.G.; Read, J.F.; Smithers, J.; Webb, D.J.. 1991 SeaSoar data from the western equatorial Pacific Ocean, collected on RRS Charles Darwin Cruise 34A, September 1988. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 89pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Report 291)
King, B.A.; Allison, M.; Alderson, S.G.; Bacon, S.; Gwilliam, T.J.P.; Paylor, R.; Read, J.F.. 1991 SeaSoar data from the north east Atlantic collected on RRS Discovery Cruise 189, April 1990. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 34pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Report 289)
King, B.A.; Allison, M.. 1991 Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler data from the western equatorial Pacific Ocean, collected on RRS Charles Darwin Cruise 34A, September 1988. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 62pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Report 290)
King, B.A.; Alderson, S.G.; Bacon, S.; Gwilliam, T.J.P.; Hirst, C.; Paylor, R.; Read, J.F.; Swallow, J.C.. 1991 CTDO station data from the north east Atlantic from RRS Discovery Cruise 189. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 182pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Report 287)
King, B.A.. 1991 RRS Discovery Cruise 189, 09 March - 08 April 1990. Circulation and structure of the Bay of Biscay and north east Atlantic out to 20W and 41N. Wormley, UK, Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory, 45pp. (Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Deacon Laboratory Cruise Report 225)

Book section

Smythe-Wright, D.; Cunningham, S.A.; Lampitt, R.A.; Kent, E.C.; King, B.A.; Quartly, G.D.; Read, J.F.; Zubkov, M.V.. 2010 Sustained observations in the Atlantic and Southern Oceans. In: Hall, J.; Harrison, D.E.; Stammer, D., (eds.)Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency. (ESA Special Publication, WPP-306).
Freeland, Howard; Roemmich, Dean; Garzoli, Silvia L.; Le Traon, Pierre-Yves; Ravichandran, Muthalagu; Riser, Stephen; Thierry, Virginie; Wijffels, Susan; Belbeoch, Mathieu; Gould, John; Grant, Fiona; Ignazewski, Mark; King, Brian; Klein, Birgit; Mork, Kjell Arne; Owens, Breck; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Sterl, Andeas; Suga, Toshio; Suk, Moon-Sik; Sutton, Philip; Troisi, Ariel; Velez-Belchi, Pedro Joaquin; Zu, Jianping. 2010 ARGO - a decade of progress. In: Hall, J.; Harrison, D.E.; Stammer, D., (eds.)Proceedings of OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Vol. 2. Noordwijk, The Netherlands, European Space Agency, 357-370. (ESA Special Publication, WPP-306).
King, B.. 2001 Argo: the global array of profiling floats. In: Koblinsky, C.J.; Smith, N.R., (eds.)Observing the Oceans in the 21st Century. Melbourne, Australia, GODAE Project Office/Bureau of Meteorology, 248-258, 604pp.
Rintoul, S.R.; Church, J.; Fahrbach, E.; Garcia, M.; Gordon, A.; King, B.; Morrow, R.; Orsi, A.H.; Speer, K.. 2001 Monitoring and understanding Southern Ocean variability and its impact on climate: a strategy for sustained observations. In: Koblinsky, C.J.; Smith, N.R., (eds.)Observing the Oceans in the 21st Century. Melbourne, Australia, GODAE Project Office/Bureau of Meteorology, 486-508, 604pp.
King, B.A.; Firing, E.; Joyce, T.M.. 2001 Shipboard observations during WOCE. In: Siedler, G.; Church, J.; Gould, J., (eds.)Ocean Circulation and Climate: Observing and Modelling the Global Ocean. San Fransisco CA, USA, Academic Press, 99-122, 736pp. (International Geophysics Series, 77).